b) Biosafety – the Safe Use of Biotechnology 75. UNEP is implementing a global programme of support to build the capacity of eligible countries to implement the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, involving support to the development and implementation of National Biosafety Frameworks (“NBF”) and participation in the Protocol’s Biosafety Clearing House (“BCH”). 76. Development of National Biosafety Frameworks: implementation of the Cartagena Protocol requires the establishment of national legal and regulatory structures. A global UNEP-GEF project on Development of national biosafety frameworks is assisting 130 GEF eligible countries that have signed the Protocol to implement it by preparing National Biosafety Frameworks and by promoting regional and sub-regional cooperation through regional and sub-regional workshops. 77. Implementation of National Biosafety Frameworks: UNEP is implementing eight demonstration projects in Bulgaria, Cameroon, China, Cuba, Kenya, Namibia, Poland and Uganda, designed to support these countries to implement their NBF. Based on experience gained through these projects, a number of countries which have finalized their NBF under the global project have now submitted proposals for GEF funding to support implementation of the NBF. 78. Building Capacity for Effective Participation in the Biosafety Clearing House of the Cartagena Protocol: another global project is supporting development of core human resources and establishment of appropriate BCH infrastructure to enable 139 eligible countries to fully participate and benefit from the BCH, as established under article 20 of the Biosafety Protocol. The project facilitates the ability of the eligible countries to access scientific, technical, environmental and legal information on Living Modified Organisms (“LMO”), and thereby assists with implementation of the Protocol in ensuring an adequate level of protection for biodiversity in the field of safe transfer, handling and use of LMOs. c) Climate Change 79. GEF Climate Change Enabling Activities have been made available to eligible countries to support, initially, the preparation of First National Communications to the UNFCCC. Subsequent to their completion, financing for interim measures for capacity building in priority areas is available to support activities between the Initial and the Second Communications. These interim activities, including an assessment of national technology needs for implementation of the Convention, are intended to complement activities of the first phase, while at the same time forming a basis for initiation of the Second National Communication. To support preparation of Second National Communications, the GEF Council approved in November 2003, an umbrella project to accommodate support to up to 130 eligible
76 THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY Chapter 6 countries. The programme is jointly administered by the Implementing Agencies, and envisages UNEP supporting an indicative thirty countries.
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