after death etc. belong to the mutashabEhdt Nasikh o MansookhBoth of the words Naasikh and Mansookh come from the root n, s, kh which has the following meanings: To remove, to abolish, to abrogate. The phrase ‘ the abrogation implies that the first ruling has been completely repealed. In Quran some verses contains rules that have been abrogated by the later verses. The second are called nâshikh [abrogating] and the first mansûkh or abrogated. This is another very popular field of Ulûm-al-Quran and numerous books have been written by important classical scholars about this subject. To study the naskh and mansûkh verses, to find out which is nâsikh which is mansûkh and to enquire about their historyIjaz ul Quran the word ijaaz comes from I,j,z which means to be incapable of to be weak. Therefore, the miracles that the performed are called mu’jizah since mankind is incapable of performing such feats. The Qur’an has stated that it is the miracle of Prophet Muhammad. According to Islam all prophets of God are given miracles. The miracle of our Prophet was an intellectual miracle-that is the Qur’an. Muslim scholars from the very early Islamic era to our own times have sudied different aspects of the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, . It includes its prophecies, the stylistic miracle, how the Prophet who was unschooled uttered deep philosophical truths, the inspirational aspect of the Qur’an -how it gave rise to a great civilization and changed a whole nation within an incredible short period. The
study of all these aspects of I’jâz-ul-Qur’an have developed into a full descipline which is part of the ‘Ulûm-alQur’anAiraa’b ul Qur’an the grammatical analysis of the Quran (‘iraab al-Quran) Gareeb ul Qur’an the knowledge of those words whose usage has become uncommon over time (gharib al-Quran). It has been said that the knowledge of Ulum al-Quran is in reality the knowledge that one is required to know in order to properly interpret the Quran. Therefore, to call this branch of Islamic knowledge ‘The Procedure and Methodology of Interpretation’ (‘llm Usul at-Tafseer) instead of Ulum al-Quran would not be far from the truth.1Al Muqatta'at: The study of the abbreviations that are used at the beginning of some suras s another important field of study. What is the purpose of these letters, what is their import and meaning and what are their spiritual significance , all these topis have been dealt by the scholars. Conclusion: There are many more fields that are included in the Quranic Studies or ‘Ulûm-al-Qur’ân. We have not covered all of them. Even a cursory glance at the various branches of knowledge developed by a Muslim classical scholars in the field of Quranic studies shows the vitality and profundity of the Islamic scholarship. It also shows the importance that the Qur’an held for the Muslim scholars throughout the ages However knowledge is a continuous process and much can be developed even now. Such Seminars are necessary to give impetus to the Quranic Studies , now and in future.