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i.Less educated, less religious and less affluent teens tend to have sex earlier in life j.Increasing oral sexKey TermsThe cognitive dimension
The social (Interpersonal) dimensionThe gender dimensionThe orientation dimension Erotic dimension Bar Mitvah / Bat Mitvah Quinceanera Super peer theoryVirginity pledge programsAbstinence-only programsComprehensive sex education programsIntergenerational sexChild sexual abuse Chapter 13 – Sexual Development from Adulthood ThroughOld Age1.Passion love as precursor of Marriage:a.Passion love:i.Desire for union: both physical, emotional, and psychologicalii.Rarely encouraged as the basis for adult bondingiii.Love emerges as social ideal around 1500s, west divergesiv.Rise of individualism, reinforce romantic love as basis of marriagev.Love marriage booms2.Functions of Marriage:a.Establish the right to have childrenb.To establish ownership of property and lines of inheritancec.To provide social stability, reduce social friction, difficult to separated.To establish non-blood kinship networks3.Marital Formsa. Monogamy:i.Sexual relationship that involves two people ii.Most common in industrialized countriesiii.In US, serial monogamy is illegal, crime of Bigamyb.Polygamy: more common in agrarian culturei.Polygyny: 82%1.Involves one maleand more than one femalepartners in amarriage
2.More common world wide3.84% preindustrial societies allow males to have more thanone female partners.ii.Concubines:1.First wife assumes principle, subsequence wives becomeless important2.In some culture, other wives are socially accepted but notlegallyiii.Harems:1.Only wealthiest and powerful male have multiple wives2.Many East Asian Rulersiv.Polyandry: 2%1.Female takes more than one husband or partner2.More common in societies were resources are short3.In Tibet, and some other part of Himalayas, female marriedto brothersv.Polygynandry (Polyamory)1.Group marriage (rare)4.Marriagea.Climbing Mt Maslow Without Enough Oxygen: Frinkel’s Article i.Couples are requiring moreii.Couples are busier, less time to investiii.Impacts marital satisfactioniv.To Optimize Marriage: Finkel 1.Optimize available resources:a.The marriage hack intervention:i.Encourage each partner to assume the 3rdparty prospective while there’s a conflictb.The excitement intervention:i.Encourage the couple to try newexperience togetherc.The relationship awareness intervention:i.Build awareness of each other’s emotionalstates and needs2.Investing more resources:a.Good relationship takes work and seriousinvestment of time3.Requiring less resources:
a.It may be unrealistic to expect your partner to beavailable all the timeb.Changing trends:i. 1700-1850s: The practical Marriage1.Agrarian 2.Goal is for survival3.Rely on each other to meet basic needs4.Not really love ii. 1850-1965: The Breadwinner-Homemaker Marriage1.Industrialized 2.Wives: domestic home wives 3.Husbands: work4.Efficient arrangement 5.Marry with the idea that it would bring happinessiii.1965-Present: The Expressive Love:1.