Arent we doing quite well on the whole gender equity

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Aren’t we doing quite well on the whole gender equity thing? Compared with other developed nations widening gender pay gap wage gap in all states and territories (1986–2013) Pay off reducing the gap by 10% can boost per capita output up to 3% 29
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But discriminatory social norms aren’t alive and kicking in Australia? Source: 30 I think it would be folly to expect that women will ever dominate or even approach equal representation in a large number of areas simply because their aptitudes, abilities and interests are different for physiological reasons T. Abbott quoted in "FOUR CORNERS" on abc.net.au (15/03/2010) Julia Gillard’ misogyny speech Source:
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What about the current govt.? Malcolm Turnbull had called himself a feminist but now his party has had its “woman problem” highlighted by the election result only be 13 women among the 60 Liberals in the House of Representatives the reasons for and the solutions to increasing female participation in politics are the same as they are the economy Interesting article om/liberals-deride- quotas-for-women-mps- but-how-are-they-going- to-make-targets-work- 62727 31
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How do we compare? 32
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Invisible labour United Nations (2018) estimates women do 2.6 times the amount of unpaid care and domestic work that men do. Australian census (2016) typical Australian woman spends between five and 14 hours a week doing unpaid domestic housework typical Australian man it’s less than five hours a week What is the economics behind this? rational-choice approach people weigh all of their time demands – work, family and leisure – and make rational trades between these to maximise resources and efficiency. but women consistently trade time in employment for greater time in domestic work even when their resources are on par with men. social norms inform rationality “society that equates femininity with domesticity” 33
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34 Retrieved from:
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Women paid less than men How does this affect participation? women are discouraged from participating in the workforce because of the relative inequity between men and women’s pay, potential costs short term higher rates of unemployment and underemployment = lower levels of economic output across the economy = increased welfare payments potential costs long term when women spend a period of time either unemployed or underemployed, they have less of an opportunity to accumulate adequate superannuation and so are more likely to require government support into old age What is the evidence that women are paid less than men?
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