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Mananambals treat major and minor ailments these

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Mananambals treat major and minor ailments . These ailments include but are not limited to :headache, fever, cold, toothache , dengue fever, wounds, infection, cancer , intellectual impairment,andother illnesses thought to be caused by supernatural creatures. Aside from biological treatments, patientsmay also come to mananambals to form or break any form of relationships from marriage to friendships.Treatments are dependent on the type of sickness and on the mananambal themselves.HilotThe hilot may refer to either the manghihilot or the magpapaanak: The manghihilot ( “ massager”,“ folk massage therapist”, “ folk chiropractor” ) uses massaging techniques to treat sprains, fractures,and other similar conditions that affect the skeletal system and the musculatory system, includingligaments.The practice treats illnesses a variety of ways based on its own universal law and natural law( physical manipulation, herbal remedies ,and dietary / life style advice). Manghihilots are either chosenby maestros or master albularyos, or through apprenticeship . Gender I nota limiting factor since theycan be any gender. When chosen, their trainings include a pilgrimage to a sacred mountain to performthe oracions, or words enablingthe communication with the spirit world or the panawagan. Similar to
29the albularyo practice , the hilot is a fusion of spiritual and medicinal practices with physicalmanipulation and the focus of healing the whole body being the main distinctions between the twopractices. Illnesses were referred to as pilay and were defined by imbalances in the body which areexplained by their enkanto, or unseen entities, elements , and manifestations in the body . This practiceshares similarities with India’s Ayurveda and Traditional Chines Medicine. The magpapaanak, the other“hilot” . is the folk “ midwife” who does prenatal visits and check-ups to pregnant mothers. Normally awoman, she delivers babies during childbirth and often perform s the ritual called the suob ( a form ofaroma therapy” performed while placed under a cloak).MagluluopThe magluluop is a folk specialist who makes a diagnosis based on the resulting appearance of a burnedconcoction composed of fresh water shell or saltwater shell ( kalanghuga ) , a salt, a piece of palm leaves that wereblessed by Catholic priests duringPalmSunday ,and charcoal resulting from coconutshells,coconut midribs.The burningof these materials is done while placed inside a tin plate accompanied by prayers and invocations andthe making of the sign of the cross three times over the body of the patient. Depending on the appearance and shapeof the burned materials, mangluluop refers and sends the ill person to either the albularyo, the mediko, or themanghihilot for further treatment. After the ritual and after telling the patient to which folk doctor to go next, thefreshwater or saltwater shell is powdered by the mangluluop and prayerfully applies the powder following the steps

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