Paramount Airways. There is also a cargo private scheduled airline called as the Blue Dart Aviation Ltd . Besides, there are 46 companies, holding non-scheduled air transport operators permit. Further, in order to increase international connectivity and facilitate foreign travel for passengers, India has entered into ' Air Service Agreements (ASA) ' with around 100 countries. These bilateral agreements provide the basic legal framework for operation of air services between the two contracting parties. The number of flights each country can operate and the destinations that could be served are also specified in these agreements. The Ministry of Civil Aviation is the nodal authority responsible for the formulation of national policies and programmes for development and regulation of the civil aviation industry in the country. Its functions 212
ABM 502 Unit V also extend to overseeing airport facilities, air traffic services and carriage of passengers and goods by air. Two separate organizations under the Ministry monitor and regulate the sector:- 1. Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is the regulatory body responsible for regulation of air transport services to/from/within India and for the enforcement of civil air regulations, air safety and airworthiness standards. The regulations are in the form of the Aircraft Act,1934 ; the Aircraft Rules,1937 ; the Civil Aviation Requirements ; and the Aeronautical Information Circulars . Its other functions include:- Registration of civil aircraft; Formulation of standards of airworthiness for civil aircraft registered in India and grant of certificates to such aircrafts; Licensing of pilots, aircraft maintenance engineers; flight engineers; and air traffic controllers; Maintaining a check on the proficiency of flight crew, and also of other operational personnel such as flight dispatchers and cabin crew; Conducting investigation into accidents/incidents and taking accident prevention measures; Carrying out amendments to the Aircraft Act, the Aircraft rules and the Civil Aviation requirements for complying with the requirements of International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO); Granting approval to aircraft maintenance, repair and manufacturing organizations; Rendering advice to the Government on matters relating to air transport including bilateral air services agreements; on ICAO matters and on all technical matters relating to civil aviation; etc. 2. Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) is the regulator for civil aviation security in the country. It's main responsibility is to lay down standards and measures in respect of security of civil flights 213
ABM 502 Unit V at International and domestic airports in India. This also includes planning and co-ordination of all aviation security related activities, operational emergencies and crisis management. It is the "Appropriate authority" to ensure development, maintenance, updation and implementation of 'National Aviation Security Programme' for India and fulfill all international obligations in this context. The bureau has four 'Bomb Detection and Disposal
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