9 cognitive approach a the cognitive perspective

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9. Cognitive Approach a. The cognitive perspective analyzes the thought processes of the mind. It seeks to understand one’s thinking patterns, identify thinking habits that affect behaviors, and re-establish practical, healthful thinking tactics. i. Shelly struggles with anxiety and a Type A personality, especially at school. To remedy the self deprecation Shelly feels when she does not get a perfect score, cognitive psychologists analyze her thought processes. They will teach Shelly to shut down thinking habits that link Shelly’s confidence with her performance in life. 10. Humanistic Approach a. The humanistic perspective explores the psychological connection between one’s current environment and one’s unavoidable need for love and acceptance. i. George struggles to eat healthy despite needing to recover from a heart attack. Humanist psychologists examine George’s delima and come to the conclusion that he turns to comfort food to remedy his loneliness. In a single apartment after a recent divorce, he lacks a support system and the necessary environment to recover from his emotional and physical maladies. 11. Nature-Nurture Issue a. Psychology’s greatest question, the Nature-Nurture Issue searches for the reason behind individual traits. Traits could arise from biological traits present at birth or the environment that one is raised in. i. Psychologists ponder the root of depression. It can be both a biological brain disorder present at birth or a symptom of a less than ideal environment devoid of enough love, acceptance, and positive role models. This debate originates from the nature-nurture issue, psychologists arguing about each side.
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12. Natural Selection a. A theory created by Charles Darwin which explained the origin of traits. Stating that certain traits are “superior” to others, it explains how traits that help an organism thrive in its environment are able to reach future generations, each edit altering the genetic tapestry of a species. i. Billy has the ability to move his ears up and down, a trait that most people do not have today. Though this trait is fading out of existence, the ability to move the ears helped humans to hear better (and survive) in the past. Thus, it was passed down over time, eventually integrated into humanity’s genetic demographic until it was of no use. Part III- Structuralism vs Functionalism In my opinion, functionalism was more impactful than structuralism in sculpting psychology. Though both schools of thought have been replaced by modern approaches, concepts of functionalism continue to supplement psychology in the present day, providing psychological insight. Forged by William James, functionalism pondered the root of human behaviors. Built off the idea that the human body and mind is adaptive to its given environment, functionalists recognized that certain behaviors are the result of ancestral circumstances. Instead of attempting to examine the mind, functionalists sought its source. In doing so, it opened up numerous psychological investigations and other branches. Drawing from these basic principles,
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