Mobile phone penetration also remains strong at over 137 per cent or more than

Mobile phone penetration also remains strong at over

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Mobile phone penetration also remains strong at over 137 per cent, or more than 6.8 million mobile subscriptions. As one of the city- state in the world, Singapore’s conditions are rather unique. Main urban obstacles tend to originate from the small land size. Singapore is constantly faced to reconcile livability, environmental sustainability, and economic competitiveness more than other cities round the world, especially amid increasing urban density with population growth. The compact city environment exacerbates traffic congestion, difficulties in maintaining a livable environment with adequate greenery, transport
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and housing provision. Moreover, since Singapore is not just a city but a sovereign state, the need to accommodate activities within the city site that are typically located externally to a city like airports, seaports, utilities such as waste treatment plants and power stations, as well as military bases, etc. adding to further crowdedness. Singapore is also experiencing other urban challenges such as aging population together with declining birth rates. According to 2012- 2015 National Population and Talent Division (of Singaporean Government), the Baby Boomers will turn 65 years old from 2012 onwards, and the number of elderly people aged 65 years and above in Singapore is expected to triple to 900,000 (1 in 5). Singapore is to experience unprecedented age shift and those elderly will need to be supported by only a small working- age population. Realising that these challenges require a smart response, Singapore saw the needs to think of long term and integrated approach to ensure that it develops in a sustainable manner, without disregarding clean and green environment. Singapore many years ago established its ambition to become the smartest city of the world. The Government has been engaging in a meticulous attempt over the years; every 10 years since 1971, Singapore issued a concept plan with a long term (40- to 50-) year time frame and every 5 years, more detailed plans on smart growth. As a result, Singapore is already an intelligently advanced city, equipped with integrated ICT technology to its city features. A network of sensors, cameras and GPS devices are embedded in taxi cabs tracking traffic, predicting future congestion and informing all drivers to alternative routes. The use of special RFID cards is common and the city’s water management system is among the world s most advanced system (please see 2.2 for further information). The smart metropolis that exist today was the vision of Lee Kuan Yew, who was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for more than three decades from 1959 to 1990. First Concept Plan was established after Singapore became a self-Governing State. At the time, the Planning Department within the Prime Minister’s Office was also set up to take on the role of central planning authority. They were given the power to control the development of land and to amend the master plan every five years if necessary. The Government, however, realized that strategies within master plan is inadequate to match the rapid social and
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