compensatory factors Transient buffers factors in an individuals environment

Compensatory factors transient buffers factors in an

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compensatory factors Transient buffers: factors in an individual's environment that may protect a family from stress; i.e. sudden financial improvement, periods of matrimonial harmony, and a child’s transition out of a difficult development period. Enduring protective factors: decrease the risk of maltreatment. Permanent conditions such as parental history of parenting and secure intimate relationships between parent figures. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA): information accumulates here in maltreated children. Timing of maltreatment: effects physiological developments differently. *** maltreatment only occurs when potentiating factors outweigh the compensatory factors.*** Be able to identify the category and level of risk/protective factors (Table 37.1). Categories: macrosystem, exosystem, microsystem, ontogenic development. Higher levels: potentiating factors increase the likelihood of child maltreatment Proximal levels: potentiating and compensatory factors determine the presence or absence of maltreatment within the family environment. Concurrent risk factors in various ecological levels act to increase or decrease the likelihood that abuse will occur. Ex. cultural sanction of violence, community violence, low SES, loss of job, divorce, parental substance abuse, maladaptation &/or child psychopathology). Understand the big picture, i.e., how the model is designed to predict child maltreatment occurrence and adaptive/maladaptive outcomes. The model provides a more contextualized approach to understanding the effects of child maltreatment by examining multiple risk factors simultaneously. Model explains how transacting cultural, community and family factors, in addition to individual characteristics, exert reciprocal influences on each other and shape the course of child development. **CHELSEA** Jonson-Reid, M., Drake, B., & Zhou, P. (2012). Neglect subtypes, race, and poverty: Individual, family, and service characteristics. Child Maltreatment, 18 , 30-41.
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How was family poverty measured? How was neighborhood poverty measured? Family poverty: examined in 2 ways; children could be noted as low income at birth OR low income at the time of the first allegation of maltreatment Neighborhood poverty: measured by using percentages of families on public assistance, below the poverty line, in single parent homes, in the same residence for at least 5 years, owning their own homes and with a college degree What was found about the likelihood that Black vs. White children lived in neighborhoods of concentrated poverty? Poor Black children gennerally live in economically devastated nieghborhoods while poor white children were embedded in nonpoor communities Black families eperience poverty about 3x as often as white families but 12x more likely to live in areas of concentrated poverty Black children in child welfare system live in far poorer comunities than white children even when family income is taken into account Among the neglect reports, majority of black children came from households with history
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  • Spring '19
  • Physical abuse, Psychological abuse, Neglect

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