Connections stimulated them to expand, redefine their conceptions ofthemselves.°°Stages of Early Afro-Eurasian Globalization °Middle Eastern Ascendency,°1700-500 BCE°632 CE-1200 CE°Chinese Ascendency: 200 BCE - 1300 CE °Civilization in the Americas:Mayan 250 - 900 CEInca 1200 - 1600 CEAztec 1400 - 1630 CE°European Ascendency: 1500 - 1900 CE°American Ascendency: 1900 – 2000 CE°°New Map: The Silk Roads °Road developed to carry goods, people, ideas, customs, wars form Eastto West and West to East for nearly 1,000 years °Enabled them to learn form and borrow form each other °Replaced the center of the world at midpoint of these routes oftransmit °China’s One Belt, One Road: 4 trillion infrastructure, tech, informationprojects in SE Asia, Central and West Asia, Europe and Africa to rethread theworld and, at the same time, become world’s chief global hegemon.°°New Ideas about the Global and Humanity °Since 18thC, emergence and diffusion散布, 普及 of new ideas
°About the globe itself °About humanity°Few cultures before Enlightenment through of world as one whole, or ofthe people in it belonging to a single spices °Is from within that discourse that new form of globalization of culturecomes°Provides new resources for the construction of imaginedselves/imagined words °°°°
GLOBALIZINGFORCES:RELIGIONANDEMPIRE10/20/201710/10°°Origins & Evolution of Religion°The origins of religion probably lie in the slow evolution of the humancapacity to see life, or at least selected aspect of it, from a perspectiveremoved form its daily immediacies, in terms of something at least sensed orimagined to be outside of, even beyond, them. °This capacity for “beyonding” did not develop on its own: it requiredthe human ability to project mind beyond the field of the immediate presentto realm that seemed to exist, if not transcendent to it, at least different forman profoundly, even absolutely other than it.°The potential for such an imaginable capacity even need for it, it easilyexplained by the fact that daily life for early human beings seemedcontinuously beset by forces that seemed to originate room elsewhere °Whether those supernatural forces took the familiar form of rain, wild,lightning, earthquakes, fire, hostile creatures, or other elements, our earlyancestors were always faced with the necessity to trying to control suchforces, at any rate to resist being destroyed by them. °Hence it is no surprise that human beings would eventually seek toconjure with such transhuman forces, whether for the sake of propitiating(なだめる)them, or even allying themselves with their power °And thus was born the practice of seeking some relation either withnatural forces themselves, or with the sprits assumed to inhabit them, oreven with the gods or powers alleged to have them.