3 1 professional boxing should be outlawed 2 boxing

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3. 1. Professional boxing should be outlawed. 2. Boxing almost always leads to brain damage. 3. Anything that leads to brain damage should be outlawed. 4. Boxing supports organized crime. 5. [Unstated:] Anything that supports organized crime should be outlawed. IM – 2 | 8
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▲4.1. They really ought to build a new airport. 2. It [a new airport] would attract more business to the area. 3. The old airport is overcrowded and dangerous. Note: Claim 3 could be divided into two separate claims, one about overcrowding and one about danger. This would be important if the overcrowding were clearly offered as a reason for the danger. 5. 1. One shouldn’t vote for Jackson. 2. Jackson is too radical. 3. Jackson is too inexperienced. 4. Jackson’s lack of experience would have made him a dangerous president. 5. [Unstated:] One shouldn’t vote for anybody who is too radical. 6. [Unstated:] One shouldn’t vote for anybody who would be a dangerous president. Claim 3 is included but, given claim 4, it’s redundant. Exercise 2-15 ▲1. 1. Cottage cheese will help you to be slender. 2. Cottage cheese will help you to be youthful. 3. Cottage cheese will help you to be more beautiful. 4. Enjoy cottage cheese often. IM – 2 | 9
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2. 1. You should listen to loud music only when we are not at home. 2. It [loud music] bothers us. 3. We’re your parents. 4. [Unstated:] You shouldn’t do things that bother your parents. 3. 1. The 1948 version of The Three Musketeers is a much better movie than the 1993 version. 2. Lana Turner is luscious (in the 1948 version). 3. Vincent Price is dastardly. 4. Angela Lansbury is regal. 5. Nobody has or will portray D’Artagnan with the grace, athleticism, or skill of Gene Kelly. 6. You should rent the 1948 version of the movie. IM – 2 | 10
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▲4.1. The idea of a free press in America is a joke. 2. The nation’s advertisers control the media. 3. Advertisers, through fear of boycott, can dictate programming. 4. Politicians and editors shiver at the thought of a boycott. 5. The situation is intolerable. 6. I suggest we all listen to NPR and public television. Note: The writer may see claim 1 as the final conclusion and claim 5 as his comment upon it. Claim 6 is probably a comment on the results of the argument, although it, too, could be listed as a further conclusion. 5. 1. Too many seniors . . . are paying far too much . . . for housing. 2. Proposition 168 will help clear the way for affordable housing for these groups. 3. Proposition 168 reforms the . . . requirements for an election before . . . approved. 4. Requiring elections . . . wastes money. 5. No other state constitution puts such a roadblock. . . . 6. Please support Proposition 168. [i.e., you should support Proposition 168.] IM – 2 | 11
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6. 1. More than forty years after . . . it’s no easier to accept . . .
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3 1 Professional boxing should be outlawed 2 Boxing almost...

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