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Cells detect an increase in body glucose they release

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cells detect an increase in body glucose they release insulin; release of insulin causes an increased movement of glucose into the cells and increased metabolism; normally released when glucose levels are high; it decreased plasma glucose levels by increasing the transport entry of glucose in muscle and adipose tissue by way of nonspecific receptors; it also regulates glucose by increasing glycogenesis, lipogenesis, and glycolysis and inhibiting glycogenolysis Epinephrine Hormone produced in medulla of adrenal gland that affects carbo. metabolism; increases plasma glucose by inhibiting insulin secretion; epinephrine is released during times of stress Insulin resistance Look at definition for type II diabetes Type I Diabetes 10 - 20% of all diabetes; 1 in 600 incidence; Common in children and adolescence; Autoimmune Disease (i.e. person gets sick, makes antibodies –overactive response, increased hypersensitivity, produce antibodies to their own beta cells); result of cellular mediated autoimmune destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas, causing an absolute deficiency of insulin secretion; disease is usually initiated by an environmental factor or infection (usually a virus) in individuals w/ genetic predisposition and causes the immune destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas and therefore a decreased production of
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CARBOHYDRATES –OBJECTIVES insulin; characteristics include abrupt onset, insulin dependence, and ketosis tendency; genetically related Type II Diabetes characterized by hyperglycemia as a result of an individual’s resistance to insulin with an
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