Equal Rights Amendment Proposed amendment to the Constitution that states

Equal rights amendment proposed amendment to the

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Equal Rights Amendment : Proposed amendment to the Constitution that states “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of sex.” Suspect classification: Category or class, such as race, that triggers the highest standard of scrutiny from the Supreme Court. Strict scrutiny: A heightened standard of review used by the Supreme Court to determine the constitutional validity of a challenged practice. Equal Pay Act of 1963 : Legislation that requires employers to pay men and women equal pay for equal work. Title IX: Provision of the Education Amendments of 1972 that bars educational
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institutions receiving federal funds from discriminating against female students. Affirmative action: Policies designed to give special attention or compensatory treatment to members of a previously disadvantaged group. UNIT 6: CONGRESS Bicameral legislature: A two-house legislature Apportionment: the process of allotting congressional seats to each state following decennial census according to their proportion of the population Bill: a proposed law Impeachment: the power delegated to the House of Representative in the Constitution to charge the president, vice president, o other civil officers”, including federal judges, with “Treason, Bribery, or other high crimes and Misdemeanors.” This is the first step in the constitutional process of removing government officials from office Incumbency: already holding an office. Redistricting: the process of redrawing congressional districts to reflect increases or decreases in seats allotted to the states, as well as population shifts within a state. Gerrymandering: the drawing of congressional districts to product a particular electoral outcome without regard to the shape of the district. Majority party : the political party in each house of Congress with the most members Minority party : the political party in each house of Congress with the second most members Party caucus or conference : a formal gathering of all party members. Speaker of the House: the only officers of the House of Representatives specifically mentioned in the Constitution; the chamber’s most powerful position; traditionally a member of the majority party. Majority leader: the head of the party controlling the most seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate; is second in authority to the speaker of the House and in the Senate is regarded as its most powerful member. Minority leader: the head of the party with the second highest number of elected representatives in the House of Representatives or the Senate Whip: party leader who keeps close contact with all members of his or her party, takes vote counts on key legislation, prepares summaries of bills, and acts as a communication link within a party President pro tempore : the official chair of the Senate; usually the most senior member of the majority party. Standing committee : committee to which proposed bills are referred; continues from one Congress to the next. Joint committee: standing committee that includes members from both house of Congress setup to conduct investigations or special studies Conference committee: Special joint committee created to reconcile differences in bills passed by the House and Senate Select (or special) committee: Temporary committee appointed or specific purpose Discharge petition: petition that gives a majority of the House of Representatives the
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  • Spring '16
  • Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

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