DSST fundamentals of counseling

The need for aesthetic beauty which is the emotional

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The need for aesthetic beauty, which is the emotional need of the artist. Self-actualization was divided into: Self-actualization, which is realizing one's own potential, as above. Transcendence, which is helping others to achieve their potential. Know if it’s unethical or illegal to counsel friends or family? Unethical not illegal Know who you report a coworker to first for being unethical? Person first, then employer, then professional organization Know instinctual pole? Freud - That part of the mind in which are situated the instinctual sexual drives which require satisfaction. One of the three agencies distinguished by Freud in his second theory of the psychical apparatus. The id constitutes the instinctual pole of the personality; its contents, as an expression of the instincts, are unconscious, a portion of them being hereditary and innate, a portion repressed and acquired. From the economic pont of view, the id for Freud is the prime reservoir of psychical energy; from the dynamic point of view, it conflicts with the ego and the super-ego. Know and understand rational emotional Theory (RET) Rational emotive behavior therapy (‘REBT’) views human beings as ‘responsibly hedonistic’ in the sense that they strive to remain alive and to achieve some degree of happiness. However, it also holds that humans are prone to adopting irrational beliefs and behaviors which stand in the way of their achieving their goals and purposes. Often, these irrational attitudes or philosophies take the form of extreme or dogmatic ‘musts’, ‘shoulds’, or ‘oughts’; they contrast with rational and flexible desires, wishes, preferences and wants. The presence of extreme philosophies can make all the difference between healthy negative emotions (such as sadness or regret or concern) and unhealthy negative emotions (such as depression or guilt or anxiety). For example, one person’s philosophy after experiencing a loss might take the form: “It is unfortunate that this loss has occurred, although there is no actual reason why it should not have occurred. It is sad that it has happened, but it is not awful, and I can continue to function.” Another’s might take the form: “This absolutely should not have happened, and it is horrific that it did. These circumstances are now intolerable, and I cannot continue to function.” Know Thematic Apperception Test. The Thematic Apperception Test, or TAT, is a projective psychological test. Historically, it has been among the most widely researched, taught, and used of such tests. Its adherents assert that the TAT taps a subject's unconscious to reveal repressed
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aspects of personality, motives and needs for achievement, power and intimacy, and problem-solving abilities.
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