After 1700 10000 africans were pushed ashore in

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After 1700 10,000+ Africans were pushed ashore in America and tens of thousands more in the next half-century (FACTORY?) 1. Accounted for nearly half the population of Virginia by 1750 2. In South Carolina they outnumbered the white 2:1 vi. Middle Passage- The transatlantic sea voyage that brought slaves to the New World 1. Death rate of 20% 2. Survivors were put on auction blocks on the ports of colonies vii. Only a few African immigrants gained their freedom viii. Law began to make distinctions between slaves and servants by the basis of race 1. Starting in Virginia in 1662, statues appeared the decreed the conditions of slavery for blacks a. Made blacks and their children the property for life of their white masters b. It was crime to teach slaves to read write, not even converting to Christianity could allow freedom in some colonies 2. Slavery was initially started for economic reasons but by the end of the 17 th century, racial discrimination powerfully molded the American slave system b. Africans in America i. By about 1720, the female slave population began to grow making family life easier ii. Population in the Chesapeake area began to grow, making it one of the few slave societies in history to grow due to natural reproduction iii. Native-born African Americans contributed to the growth of slave culture 1. Mixture of African and American speech, religion, and folkways came about a. Speech was known as Gullah i. Comprised of American, Yoruba, Ibo, and Hausa language 2. The religious ringshout dance contributed to the development of Jazz 3. Also contributed the Banjo and the bongo drum iv. Few Africans became skilled artisans v. Slave Revolt in New York in 1712 cost the lives of a dozen white men and caused the execution of 21 blacks vi. More than 50 blacks from South Carolina in the Stono River exploded in revolt in 1739 and tried to march to Spanish Florida until they were stopped by local militia
c. Southern Society i. Planters ruled the region’s economy and monopolized political power ii. Group of extended clans such as the Fitzhugh’s, Lees, and Washington’s, together dominated the House of Burgesses iii. Before the Revolutionary War 70% of the leaders of the Virginia legislature came from families in Virginia before 1690—known as the “First Families of Virginia” or “FFVs” iv. These merchant-planters were hard-working and businesslike, working on the problems of plantation management v. Small Farmers were the largest social group and their status was under the merchant-planters 1. Tilled their own plots and would have 1 or 2 slaves and lived a ragged life vi. Landless whites were the lower on the social scale vii. Underneath the landless whites were the indentured servants whose numbers slowly started to diminish due to the growth of slavery viii. Southern life revolved around the great plantations 1. Waterways provided transportation 2. Roads were usually too wretched to ride on d. From African to African American i. When brought to American it was hard for Africans to keep their culture so their

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