In 1998 three women were forced to give up their senate seats because of term

In 1998 three women were forced to give up their

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election which implemented term limits for senate races. In 1998, three women were forced to give up their senate seats because of term limits, but 10 other women were elected to senate seats which were vacated because of term limits (Table 4). In 2000, 19 women had to step down from senate seats due to term limits, and 19 other women were elected to term-limited seats (Table 5). Table 4: Numbers of Term-Limited State Senate Seats Represented by Women Before and After the 1998 Elections in Three States Source: Susan Carroll and Krista Jenkins, “Unrealized Opportunity: Term Limits and the Representation of Women in State Legislatures,” March 2001. In 1998 women made gains both overall and in term-limited seats in each of the three states that had implemented term limits for state senate seats (Table 4). In California only one woman senator was forced out by term limits and five new women were elected to seats that opened up because of term limits. In Colorado two women senators lost their seats because of term limits while four n ew women were elected in races for term-limited seats. Finally, in Maine the only senator forced out because of term limits was a man, and he was replaced by a woman. Thus, in each of these three states, there were overall increases in women’s representation in senate seats due at least partially to gains women made as a result of term limits. In 2000 the picture was decidedly more mixed. The overall number of women serving in state senates increased in only three states (Arizona, Arkansas, and Oregon). In five states (California, Colorado, Maine, Montana, and Ohio) the numbers of women senators decreased following the 2000 elections, and in two states (Florida and South Dakota) the Individual States 0 2 1 1 4 5 0 2 4 6 8 10 California Colorado Maine No. of Women Pre-Election Post-Election Total of All States 3 10 0 5 10 15 No. of Women
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10 numbers stayed the same. Similarly, the number of women in term-limited senate seats increased in some states, remained the same in others, and decreased in still others (Table 5). In two states (Arkansas and Arizona), more women were elected to senate seats that were open because of term limits than were forced to vacate seats because of term limits. Table 5: Numbers of Term-Limited State Senate Seats Represented by Women Before and After the 2000 Elections in Ten States Source: Susan Carroll and Krista Jenkins, “Unrealized Opportunity: Term Limits and the Representation of Women in State Legislatures,” March 2001. In four states (Florida, Maine, Oregon, and South Dakota), the numbers of women serving in term-limited senate seats was the same before and after the 2000 elections. Finally, in four states (California, Colorado, Montana, and Ohio), more women were forced out by term- limits than were elected in seats that were open because of term limits, resulting in decreases in the numbers of women serving in term-limited seats (Table 5). Thus, in only two of the 10 states, Arizona and Arkansas, were there overall increases in women’s representation which were due at least in part to gains made by women in term-limited seats.
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  • Fall '15
  • United States Senate, United States House of Representatives

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