and the orangey colour is masked by the green chlorophyll 100g of spinach

And the orangey colour is masked by the green

This preview shows page 10 - 14 out of 50 pages.

and the orangey colour is masked by the green chlorophyll 100g of spinach provides 10% of daily recommended intake of Iron and 70% of daily recommended intake of Vitamin A Beware of “I heard that…” Sources of Information: TV Radio Internet Texting Magazines Newspapers Lecture Series
Image of page 10
JOURNALS The Nature of Scientific Research Simultaneous discovery happens Credit/Patent Issues Ego Issues Journals: Started in 1841 (focused on naturally occurring chemicals) Synthetic chemistry not born @ the time First PEER Reviewed Journal: The Journal of the Chemical Society (UK) (1843) Books Reviews Primary Literature: Full Papers A complete description of current research findings Full publication with all the recipes and details Notes A short description of current research findings that are considered less urgent/important Short full papers Communications A short description of important and/or urgent current research findings Like the paper published by Watson & Crick Doesn’t take long to be reviewed in the Peer-Review process How a Paper becomes Published: Used to fund the research (research grant)
Image of page 11
Scientific equipment, payment to researcher, etc. 1. Research conducted by Researcher 2. Submitted to the Editor 3. Contend with one or more referees (usually 2,3 or 4 refs) COMMUNICATIONS: respond in a few days Usually takes around a month 4. Sent back to Editor Analyze Referee’s responses 5. Sent back to Researcher Rebuttals or corrections must be made 6. Sent back to Editor Decision may be made by Editor Or it may be sent back to Referee one last time 7. FINAL DECISION MADE Not a good idea for a researcher to submit same paper to several journals (Referees may be able to figure it out and it is not a good sign for the Researcher) REFEREE AND RESEARCHER DO NOT KNOW/COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER Papers in Food Science Largely believed that skipping breakfast will cause you to gain weight Turns out skipping will NOT cause you to gain weight Calorie Counting Calorie counting cannot be standardized
Image of page 12
Media can distort the actual results via headlines ° Studies Observational (Epidemiological) Studies: Studies where the assignment of subjects is not controlled by the investigator Case Control Studies : compare people with a specific condition (case) to other people who are otherwise similar except for that condition(control) Retrospective study: to go back (revisit the past) Cohort Study : study a group of people over a long period of time to determine which factors may be associated with the appearance of a specific condition Prospective: to go ahead (present/future) Ex. EPIC (European Perspective Investigation into Cancer STUDY : suggested that increased intake of fruits & veggies has a MINIMAL effect on cancer rates Looked at over half a mill. People from 10 European countries Correlation VS Causation Correlation does NOT prove causation To prove CAUSATION, you need stronger studies Interventional Studies (stronger study): assignment of subjects is controlled by the investigator
Image of page 13
Image of page 14

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 50 pages?

  • Spring '11
  • Multiple
  • Amino Acids, pH, Vitamin, daily vitamin requirements, vitamin tablet

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes