According to the preamble the object of the act is to

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rights that prisoners have hitherto enjoyed. According to the preamble, the object of the Act is to give effect to the Bill of Rights in the 1996 Constitution and in particular its provisions with regard to prisoners. According to the Minister of Correctional Services , the Act also brings South Africa's Correctional Services legislation in line with international standards. This chapter explores the justification and legal basis for the protection of the human rights of prisoners. In examining these aspects it is established what standards states are expected to meet. Prisoner’s rights or the human rights of prisoners are, it should be stated, not specific rights that accrue to prisoners as such. This is a terminology used to describe: a penal policy or regime…which respects the prisoner’s inherent dignity as a person, recognizes that he does not surrender the law’s protection on being imprisoned, and accords procedures and facilities for ensuring that his treatment is at all times just, fair and humane. Punishment of imprisonment lies primarily in the deprivation of liberty, and that offenders are sent to prison as punishment not for punishment. This is a severe form of deprivation that needs to be strictly regulated. Other rights that are limited by virtue of imprisonment, in addition to the right to liberty, are the right to privacy, the freedom of movement, freedom of expression, the point to be made is that whereas prisoners’ rights were neglected and justified as being typical to prison life, it is now realized that prisoners’ rights are an important agenda for prison reforms. Association and assembly. The limitation of these rights is necessary due to the
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incapacitation of the offender and for security purposes within the prison, thus they are necessary and justifiable consequence of deprivation of liberty. Arguments for reform from a human rights perspective recognize these deleterious effects of poor prison conditions but lend more weight to the effects because they take away from human dignity and fundamental rights accruing to one by virtue of being human. These arguments emphasize that prisoners are humans and citizens and they do not cease to be this by virtue of being imprisons, and therefore should be accorded the same dignity and rights as others, as far as is compatible with the loss of liberty. Shaw, in response to opponents of the improvement of prison conditions, states succinctly that no one would live in the best of hotels with all the facilities available if they were deprived the freedom to leave. In effect, the deprivation of liberty is enough punishment and sufficient Retribution and deterrence. 3.2 Universal instruments Prisoners' rights are human rights first. Any discussion of the protection of such rights has to be viewed in that context. After the Second World War, world leaders recognized that a commitment to the protection of human rights essential to world peace.
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