6. High power distance cultures/ low power distance cultures High power distance cultures- people with less power accept their lower position as a fact of life Low power distance cultures- tolerate less difference in power between people communicate with those higher in status with less anxiety (usa, canada) 7. Monochronic/polychronic -monochronic cultures-very time-conscious prefer tasks/people one at a time "taking turns"- monochromic term prominently northern American Northern Europe cultures -polychronic cultures- deals with multiple tasks/people at once; schedules more flexible prominently Latin Amer
ica, Arab cultures, Africa Social identity theory- you have a personal identity and a social identity, notes that your social identity is based on your group memberships. We communicate differently differently with people in our ingroups versus outgroups Intergroup communication- a branch of the discipline that focuses on how comm within and between groups affects relationships Ingroup--groups which we identify with and feel we belong in Outgroups- “others” Intercultural Communication Challenges Anxiety 2. Ethnocentrism - the belief that your own culture or group is superior 3. Discrimination- is biased behavior toward someone based on their membership in a group class or category Improving Intercultural Communication Changing thinking (or cognition)-increasing knowledge about cultures and co-cultures to develop more complex ways of thinking of a culture, reduce negative stereotypes Changing feelings (or affect)- when we experience greater enjoyment and less anxiety in our intercultural interactions, we feel more comfortable and positive about intercultural exchanges Changing behavior- when our thoughts and feelings are altered our behavior changes too.
Intercultural sensitivity- an awareness of behaviors that might offend others Overcoming Intergroup biases Intergroup contact theory- interaction between members of different social groups generates a possibility for more positive attitudes to emerge Behavioral affirmation- seeing or hearing what you want to see or hear in group members, failing to see certain things, ex you think teenagers are lazy, no matter how studious a teenager may be, you fail to see the effort Behavioral confirmation- is acting a way that makes your expectation about a group true ex you give your cousin easy tasks to prove your point Accommodation- adjusting your language and style of speaking toward people the people with whom you are communicating, ex using basic vocab with a child Convergence- when speakers shift their language or non verbals toward each other’s way of communicating overaccomadate - negatively perceived Cultural relativism- the idea that a person's beliefs, values, and practices should be understood based on that person's own culture, rather than judged against the criteria of another.
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- Fall '07