2 People have fewer children 3 Family members perform fewer functional tasks at

2 people have fewer children 3 family members perform

This preview shows page 3 - 5 out of 9 pages.

2. People have fewer children. 3. Family members perform fewer functional tasks at home. 4. Families have become more diverse in recent decades. Family types and terms -monogamy: married to 1 only -polygamy: a marriage in which one person has several spouses -nuclear family: married, monogamous couple (usually heterosexual) living with their own kids, and no extended family members. -conjugal family: nuclear family that is also functionally independent of extended family members (makes own money). -patrilineal family: family system where wealth and power are transmitted from fathers to their sons. -matrilineal- family system where wealth and power are transmitted from mothers to their daughters. Origins of the American Family 1. Colonial America (before 1820) 3 interrelated groups: American Indians, White Europeans, African Americans. European traditions dominated the legal, political and cultural landscape American Indians: -difficult to generalize across tribes. -Strong respect for elders. -Reliance on family networks for sharing resources and meeting essential needs. -Family was basis of social structure. -More matrilineal descent and gender equality. -Monogamous marriage, more political power to men. White Europeans -Marriage was necessary and practical. -Protestant doctrine enforced by gov’t and gave husbands authority over wives. -Women could not vote, hold political office, serve on juries, or have legal existence separate from their husbands. -Women were incorporated into their husbands’ citizenship. -average woman had 7 children -children contributed to the economy and survival of family; children seen as having evil impulses that needed to be controlled via discipline and work. -households included nuclear family units plus boarders or servants. African Americans -slavery led to disruption of many different cultural groups; affected family life of African Americans. -keeping a family together was difficult.
Image of page 3
-recognition of family lineages difficult bc lack of family names. -Most African Americans were excluded from emerging modern family practices until after the end of the slave system. 2. Emerging Modern Family (1820-1900) The market and state emerged as a dominant features of modern society. 3. The Modern Family 4. New Family Diversity 9/6 no class 9/8/16 Thursday New Family Diversity (1960’s-Present): Distribution of Household Types “Second Demographic Transition” -Later Marriage; rise in cohabitation and single living; rise in divorce. -Later fertility, less fertility within marriage; rising extra-marital fertility; higher childlessness. -More education; more women in the labor force -marriage becoming more emotional and less essential (deinstitutionalized)- elevated to a true love relationship with expectations of love and affection.
Image of page 4
Image of page 5

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture