Explain the features of the racial hierarchy describe

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Explain the features of the racial hierarchy Describe the nature of French colonial rule in Latin America and explain how it relates to the origins of the Haitian Revolution Describe how each of the major groups interpreted the initial phases of the French Revolution Explain how and why the Haitian Revolution evolved from a conservative revolution into a more radical, and racial, one Show how international events influence the rebellion Identify and rank the important figures of the Haitian Revolution Much of colonial Latin America ordered along racial lines in a complex series of relationships... Peninsulares – people born in Spain or Portugal living in the Americas (approx. 30,ooo; 0.1% of population) Creoles – people of Spanish or Portuguese descent born in Americas (approx. 3.5 million; 23% of population) Mestizos – people of mixed race Ameridians – indigenous population Slaves – Africans sold into bondage and brought to the Americas as slave labor
Mostly men made their way across to these places, no women, to make up for that, spanish would have relations with the natives (essentially long term rape) Plantations for sugar, need laborers, cheap labor, west africa- assumption that they are used to working in the heat and sun, and were cheaper Top of the pyramid is more conservative Middle is more liberal Three quarters of the population is slaves or indigenous peoples\ Saint domingue and haiti were among the wealthiest of this time Taxes were crucial to the french economy, sugar was crucial to the world's economy and trade \ haiti was making a third of the worlds coffee Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) Three distinct revolutions, Interesting case study because it begins on rumors and then escalates into a rebellion before ending as a race war First and only successful revolution by slaves in the modern era Really three revolutions in one: Pre-emptive rebellion by conservative white landholdersto secure independence Attempt byfree blacksto secure status and privileges as citizens and break the political social and economic power of whites Uprising by the largest slave populationoutside the U.S. and Brazil New land is seen as a refuge for poor whites, to emass quickly and recklessly: go out to make as much money as you possibly can as quickly as you can, and then go live in the lap of luxury in europe As it gets more profitable it's harder to get in Background to Revolution Saint Domingue seen by French as a land of opportunity This is where you go to make money Economy of the colony takes off after the use of slavery takes off after 1700 Begins as a sugar colony, but soon turns to coffee and indigo as well
Prototypical “slave society” – one where slavery is essential to every aspect of life Higher slave to owner ratio, slaves were governed by the code noir, designed to play lip service to say plantation owners would do their best to take care of their slaves; slaves were resp. For food shelter water and religious practice

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