They speak out more often, criticize more, state more commands, and interrupt others more often.oStatus InequityIt is important for group members to believe the status hierarchy is equitable.Perceived inequity creates disequilibrium, which inspires various types of corrective behavior.Hierarchal groups can lead to resentment among those at the lower end of the status continuum.oLarge differences in status within groups are also associated with poorer individual performance, lower health, and higher intentions to leave the group.People expect rewards to be proportionate to costs incurred.Group Property 4: SizeoSmaller groups are faster at completing tasks than larger ones, and individuals perform better in smaller groups.However, in problem solving, large groups consistently get better marks than their smaller counterparts. [pg 287]oOne of the most important findings about the size of a group concerns social loafing, the tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively than alone.It directly challenges the assumption that the productivity of the group as a whole should at least equal the sum of the productivity of the individuals in it.oThere are several ways to prevent social loafing:(1) set group goals, so the group has a common purpose to strive toward(2) increase intergroup competition, which again focuses on the shared outcome(3) engage in peer evaluation so each person evaluates each other person’s contribution(4) select members who have high motivation and prefer to work in groups(5) if possible, base group rewards in part on each member’s unique contributions.Group Property 5: Cohesiveness [pg 288]oGroups differ in their cohesiveness—the degree to which members are attracted to each other and motivated to stay in the group.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 252 pages?
- Fall '16