Classics-212-Mid-Term-Study-Guide.pdf

What picture do the stories give us of how romans saw

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-what picture do the stories give us of how Romans saw and understood their origins? Some stories are moralizing ( exempla ) intended to be instructional/didactic Embellishment in order to create a good narrative “Hell-in-a-handbasket” conservatism - we used to be great and now in moral decline, striving to recreate the past In writing stories highlighting rape, murder, plunder etc it could be looked at as what not to do for the upcoming roman people but also created pride in rough-and-tumble Must always maintain good reputation of ancestors; live up to standards set by early Romans Believed that Rome was such a glorious civilization that people may as well believe the more legendary parts of his histories, and quipped that peoples under Roman administration would accept the truth of Roman legends in the exact same way they accepted Roman imperial dominance -How did the Roman state expand through Italy? What made this possible? Small regional wars with a policy of offering citizenship to conquered people sometimes. An openness to accepting new people in was characteristic of early Rome. The citizen
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5 army also assisted with this (they felt national pride because they purchased and provided their armor and weapons) -Alliances with other Italian city-states ( coloniae) - fides, civitas sine suffragio - ius fetiale - deditio in fidem encouraged loyalty to Rome - Integration of other Italian people into military - How did the patterns of city-state warfare shape politics and diplomacy in fourth/third century Italy? As the state grew in renown and logistical demand, there grew a need for these administrative tasks to be done centrally. This gave rise to the once powerless Senate to become more and more powerful. The Senate would soon decide how the land distribution would go about that resulted from the city-state warfare. The Senate also assumed governmental powers with respect to citizenship and the according voting rights. Both of these policies were reactions to the city-state politics and diplomacy of 3rd/4th century. - mensis Martius - civitas sine suffragio -Why did the Romans fight so frequently? How did they prevail on their allies to fight with and for them? - Identity founded in betrayal and murder between Romulus and Remus revealed a culture of violence - Reckless ambition to become powerful first in Italy, then beyond not sure that ambition explains conflict - surely all of the Mediterranean powers were ambitious -> what made Rome special? - Alliance system with other Italian city-states produced loyalty; other cities sent soldiers as tribute to Rome, and would call on Rome for help which resulted in reciprocal relationship - Diplomatic hostages/ allowing monarchies to stay intact in conquered lands -They claimed their wars were always defensive. Powers on their perimeters were always considered a threat so their expansion into these territories was viewed as necessary to protect the greater Roman empire.
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