citizens adopted Islam from the Malian and Sudanese kingdoms. As time went on, the British colonized Nigeria and taught them English (now most common language) and the value of education. With this, the people of this nation have moved away from the idea that farming is the only way to make a living, instead emigrating to find other opportunities.Expressions of Nationalism:Most Nigerians share the value that with hard work comes financial success in any field. After gaining independence from the British in 1960, many modern Nigerians emigrated to first world countries to pursue education. Now in the US, according to the United Census Bureau, 4 percent of Nigerians hold the Ph.D. degree compared to 1% of the general US population; 17% of Nigerians hold the Master degree and 37% have the Bachelor's degree. Census data also reveals that Nigerian Americans are the most educated immigrant group in the US. Nigerians are known to be patriotic, expressing that with hashtags such as “Proudly Naija” and even skipping work to watch the “Super Eagles” national soccer team play. In Canada alone, there are more than 50 independent organizations that promote Nigerian identity through events, which have traditional food, culture, and music. Specifically in Edmonton, there is the Nigerian Canadian Association, that supports new immigrants by immersing them into the community.Symbol:The shield symbolizes the meeting of the two biggest rivers in Nigeria, Benue, and Lokoja. The two horses on each siderepresent respect and equality. The eagle represents dignityand respect, and the green grass symbolizing fertile soil.