Document B: ‘The Divine Right to Occupy the Land’
The Bible says: “I will appoint a place for my people Israel,
and I will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their
own, and move no more.”
The settling of a people in this or that country is the Lord’s
Now, God makes room for a people in three ways: First, He
drives out the heathens before them by waging war on the
Second, He gives a foreign people favor in the eyes of any
native people to come and sit down with them.
Third, He makes a country empty of inhabitants where the
people will live. Where there is an empty place, the sons of
Adam and Noah are free to come and live there, and they
neither need to buy it nor ask permission.
Source: Puritan leader John Cotton gave the following sermon to
members of his congregation who were immigrating to America in
1630. Cotton became a respected and influential clergyman in the
Massachusetts Bay Colony.