Principles of beauty and art Logic Reasoning to establish truth Ethics From Greek words “ Ethos” means “characteristic way of acting” which is proper to as a rational being
ETHICS & MORALITY • MORALITY refers to the quality of goodness or badness in a human act. Goodness is described as moral and badness as immoral. It means conformity to the rules of right conduct. • ETHICS refers to the formal study of those standards and conduct. It is also often call “moral philosophy”.
Ethics as a normative science • Ethics is considered a normative science because it is concerned with the systematic study of the norms of human conduct, as distinguished from formal sciences such as Mathematics, chemistry, physics etc. • Ethics is a normative science because it involve a systematic search for moral principles and norms that are justify our moral judgement.
Three categories of General Ethics Descriptive Ethics Normative Ethics Meta-ethics General Ethics
Three categories of General Ethics • Descriptive Ethics Descriptive ethics maintains objectivity in studying human behavior but it does not provide a clear standard of morality. It simply describes how people act and does not prescribe how people should act. • Normative Ethics involve moral judgement based on ethical norm and theory. This consist both the basic moral principles and values and the particular moral rules that govern people’s behavior, which is right or moral and wrong or immoral.
• Meta-ethics it does not describes moral beliefs of people, does not evaluate the process of moral reasoning, but simply analyzes the usage and meaning of words.
The Problem of Ethical Relativism and Situation Ethics • Ethical Relativism Ethical Relativism claims that when any two cultures or any people hold different moral values of an action, both can be right. An action
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- Fall '15
- Ethics, moral principles, moral truth, Ethics and Philosophy, Universal moral truth