The Charter of Carolina guaranteed religious freedom to everyone who would

The charter of carolina guaranteed religious freedom

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-The Charter of Carolina guaranteed religious freedom to everyone who would worship as a Christian – also gave settlers political freedom – laws made by representatives -these initial efforts to encourage settlement failed and most of the proprietors gave up except Anthony Ashley Cooper who convinced his partners to finance migrations to Carolina from England -Eventually, Charles Town was established as the capital of Carolina in 1690 -Cooper, with the aid of John Locke, drew up the Fundamental Constitution for Carolina in 1669 -Northern and Southern Carolina differed greatly – for several decades, Carolina remained one of the most unstable English colonies in America – tensions between Northern small farmers and Southern wealthy planters -After the Lord Shaftesbury’s death, the colonists seized control of Carolina in 1719 – ten years later, the king divided the colony into two colonies: North and South Carolina New Netherland, New York, and New Jersey -In 1664, Charles II granted his brother James land that was already owned by the Dutch -the English resented Dutch presence in North America because they served as a wedge between the Northern and Southern colonies -In 1664, Richard Nicolls an English fleet that sailed into the port of New Amsterdam and extracted a surrender from its Dutch governor, Peter Stuyvesant -In 1674, the Dutch lost New Amsterdam for good -James, the duke of York, renamed the colony New York, and prepared for diversity -New York contained many people from different countries and different religious faiths -James did not create a representative assembly in New York – power unequally balanced -When James ascended the throne as James II, New York contained about 30,000 people -When James received the charter, he gave a large portion to two political allies, Sir John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret – Carteret named the territory New Jersey, after the island in England where he was born – in 1702, New Jersey became a royal colony -New Jersey had ethnic diversity, but consisted of mostly small farmers – also did not produce any single important city Quaker Colonies -the followers of George Fox and Margaret Fell became known as the Quakers, also called the Society of Friends, which originated in mid-seventeenth century England -Quakers rejected idea of predestination and thought that everybody had an “inner light”, which would guide them righteousness – also, women and men had the same positions in the church as men – the Quakers had no church government – refused to fight in wars -Many Quakers wanted their own colony – because many people hated them, they needed an influential person at court to get a royal grant -One of these people was William Penn-became a Quaker and wanted to find a place for them to go in America – Charles II gave him a grant of territory between New York and Maryland – named Pennsylvania after Penn’s late father -Many residents of Pennsylvania were resentful of Penn’s absolute power over them and
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