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Global Rationale: Cognitive Level: AnalyzingClient Need: Physiological IntegrityClient Need Sub: Reduction of Risk PotentialNursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: ImplementationLearning Outcome: 53-1Question 5Type: MCSAA patient is admitted to receive a kidney transplant from a live sibling. The nurse understands that which condition has been met for this surgery to be planned?1. The human leukocyte antigens between the patient and sibling are very similar.2. The human leukocyte antigens between the patient and sibling are very different.3. The human leukocyte antigens of patient and sibling are an exact match.4. The recipient’s human leukocyte antigens have been eliminated.Correct Answer: Rationale 1: In organ transplants, matching the human leukocyte antigen type as closely as possible tends to reduce the chances of rejection.Rationale 2: If the human leukocyte antigen types were different, the surgery would not be successful.Rationale 3: An exact match of HLA antigens is desirable but not absolutely essential for transplant success.Rationale 4: It is not possible to eliminate the human leukocyte antigens.1Global Rationale: Cognitive Level: AnalyzingClient Need: Physiological IntegrityClient Need Sub: Physiological AdaptationNursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: PlanningLearning Outcome: 53-2Question 6Type: MCSA
A patient comes into the emergency department with itching, swelling, and slight shortness of breath after being stung by a bee 20 minutes ago. The nurse bases care of this patient on the pathophysiology of which hypersensitivity reaction?1