Context and Social Situations How we approach people the words we choose and

Context and social situations how we approach people

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Context and Social Situations: How we approach people, the words we choose, and how we deliver speeches are all dependent on different speaking contexts and social situations. * Dissimilar speeches are necessary because the audiences (speaking to kids vs. speaking to adults) have different experiences and levels of knowledge. * Ultimately, good public speaking is a matter of taking into account the cultural background of your audience and attempting to engage your audience in a dialogue from their own vantage point. Considering the context of a public speech involves thinking about four dimensions : physical, temporal, social-psychological, and cultural. Physical: tangible environment (classroom, how the room is set up) Temporal: has to do not only with the time of day and moment in history but also with where a particular message fits into the sequence of communication events (somber at a funeral) Social/psychological: status relationships among participants, roles and games that people play, norms of the society or group, and the friendliness, formality, or gravity of the situation Cultural: important because differences in beliefs, norms, and practices - When we interact with others from different cultures, misunderstandings can result from differing cultural beliefs, norms, and practices. - As public speakers engaging in a dialogue with our audience members, we must attempt to understand the cultural makeup of our audience so that we can avoid these misunderstandings as much as possible. Chapter 2 1. What is the ethics pyramid and what are its elements/levels ? ETHICAL SPEAKING: - Finding common ground. Let the audience know there are studies that go against the speech's argument. Work to engage the audience because ignoring them will make them ignore YOU!
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COMM 1110 Fall 2019 - A mode of speech that doesn't seek to sway or misinform. A level of honesty and accuracy is involved and assuring that its accurate. ETHICS PYRAMID: Making ethics unavoidable in the public relations process. Ethics pyramid involves three basic concepts: intent, means, and ends. Intent – good/bad Means – good/bad Ends – good/bad 2. Be able to recognize Intent, Means, Ends ( Examples ). Intent: - The first major consideration to be aware of when examining the ethicality of something is the issue of intent. - To be an ethical speaker or listener, it is important to begin with ethical intentions. Example: if we agree that honesty is ethical, it follows that ethical speakers will prepare their remarks with the intention of telling the truth to their audiences. Similarly, if we agree that it is ethical to listen with an open mind, it follows that ethical listeners will be intentional about letting a speaker make his or her case before forming judgments. - One option for assessing intent is to talk with others about how ethical they think a behavior is; if you get a variety of answers, it might be a sign that the behavior is not ethical and should be avoided. A second option is to check out existing codes of ethics.
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  • Spring '12
  • Callison

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