growth and lack of response to antibiotics (McPhee & Hammer 2010).The pathophysiology is a mucosal that appears dark red and velvety, small erosions that may have formed into ulcers, abcess formation, necrosis and ragged ulceration of the mucosa called cryptic abcess (Huether & McCance, 2012). There may be narrowing of the colon due to thickening of the mucosa. Clinical symptoms include episodes of intermittent periods of exacerbation and remission (Huether & McCance, 2012). Inflammation is generally limited to the colon and rectum. Chron’s disease is the second type of inflammatory bowel disease. It also involves inflammation of the mucosa. However, it affects both the small and the large intestine. Diarrhea is a common symptom and many patients are diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome initially.
Symptoms will then progress and patients may become anemia due to malabsorption in the inflamed small intestine (Huether & McCance, 2012). Irritable bowel syndrome is a lesser version of bowel disorders. It is a gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by a lack of diagnosable pathology and characterized by abdominal pain and discomfort accompanied by altered bowel habits (Huether & McCance, 2012).The pathology of IBS is unclear. It may be related to visceral hypersensitivity, abnormal GI motility
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- Spring '15
- Gastroenterology, Irritable bowel syndrome, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, bowel disease