ITM – Final Project Research Paper: Integration of Information Technology in factories Information technology in different industries Information technology covers many forms of technology, any equipment or technique used by a company, institution, or any other organization which handles information. It associates computing, telecommunication technologies, and includes consumer electronics and broadcasting as it is getting more programmed. Spearheaded by the computer, the decades since the mid-1960s have been characterized by an extreme development. Cheap microelectronics have permitted the diffusion of these technologies since the late 1970s into almost all aspects of daily life and have furthermore almost inextricably cross-fertilized and intermingled their multiple application branches, it includes commerce, administration, industry, education, scientifique, medicine and professional work, entertainment, and domestic work. Nations with advanced IT-industries have realized that developing competence in information technologies including new media is essential, expensive, and difficult; large-scale IT systems are gaining economic feasibility and various national research and education programs for stimulating these developments are underway. The fundamental capabilities that usually are perceived as being essential are chip design, production facilities, and a common network infrastructure like the Internet for the storage and transmission of digital multimedia information (including video, audio, and other continuous media data in addition to conventional data and text). Information technology (IT)—highly sophisticated information processing—forms the intellectual basis at the forefront of the current, third scientific-technical revolution. The first, generally placed at the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, created the foundations for replacing muscle power with that of steam, and—as a consequence—manual production started to be displaced by industrial mass production. The second, which took place at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, was brought about by a large number of groundbreaking 4
ITM – Final Project Research Paper: Integration of Information Technology in factories concepts and inventions occurring thanks to the new energy carrier electricity. This third scientific-technical revolution, started after the Second World War, is of a different character from the previous ones in that it is nonmaterial. In essence, it constitutes the collection, treatment, and transmission of data, and so the subject of research and operation is here abstract, unreal objects. The dominant discipline for innovative development and progress became information technology as it is widely understood. (Kulczycki, Kacprzyk, Kóczy, Mesiar & Wisniewski, 2020) Industrial Manufacturing in the Era of Information Technology Since 1850, Europe and other countries such as the United States and Japan experienced tremendous economic growth thanks to the industrialization of their economy. This phenomenon, based on four major industrial revolutions, led to the transformation of manufacturing methods.
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- Fall '19
- Industrial Revolution