DSST Business Ethics Study Guide sm 2

However as non point source pollution became a more

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sources. However, as non-point source pollution became a more important issue for environmental protection, "command and control" regulations became less useful. RCRA, in particular, has become problematic in that, while it is successful at directing hazardous wastes to the appropriate disposal facility, it has been less successful at reducing the amount of waste produced. As the name of the act implies, this is an important goal of the original legislation. The alternative to "command and control" regulation is "performance oriented" regulation, in which specific environmental performance goals, such as a reduction in the amount of pollution associated with a process is specified by the regulation and each facility is left to determine the best method to achieve this goal. The concern with this approach is that it tends to be much more difficult to enforce because it requires an intimate understanding of the process and alternatives to the process. In general, the "performance oriented" approach requires the documentation of these and the environmental impacts associated with the process in a planning document, which can be reviewed by regulatory authorities. Environmental Management Systems generally form the basis for the format of such a plan. The Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (WARN Act) is a United States labor law which protects employees, their families, and communities by requiring most employers with 100 or more employees to provide sixty- (60) calendar-day advance notification of plant closings and mass layoffs of employees. It became law in August 1988 and took effect in 1989. In 2001, there were about 2,000 mass layoffs and plant closures which were subject to WARN advance notice requirements and which affected about 660,000 employees. [1] Employees entitled to notice under the WARN Act include managers and supervisors, hourly wage, and salaried workers. The WARN Act requires that notice also be given to employees' representatives (i.e. a labor union), the local chief elected official (i.e. the mayor), and the state dislocated worker unit. The advance notice gives workers and their families transition time to adjust to the prospective loss of employment, to seek and obtain other employment, and, if necessary, to enter skill training or re-training programs that will allow these workers to successfully compete in the job market. Often, WARN Act problems arise when employers are acquired by other companies. Generally, The WARN Act covers employers with 100 or more employees, not counting those who have worked fewer than six (6) months in the last twelve- (12) month work period, and those who work an average of less than twenty (20) hours a week. Employees entitled to advance notice under the WARN Act include managers, supervisors, hourly-wage, and salaried workers. Employees unprotected by the WARN Act include,
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Workers participating in strike actions, or workers who have been locked out in a labor dispute; Workers employed on temporary projects or the work facilities of the business who clearly understand the temporary nature of the work when hired;
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However as non point source pollution became a more...

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