Just because there are the means doesnt mean there is

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Just because there are the means, doesn’t mean there is motive Question of “Why” still remains Only achieved through many explorations of the 19 th  century Motivating Factors     Some people say that European colonialism was not all new – several Asian countries  colonized before
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A. Economics Classic theory of economic imperialism  Hobson (1902) – English socialist (working classes suffering) Belief that England was greedy, attempting to find new markets. Vehemently opposed to  capitalistic expansion Lenin – Imperialism driven by greedy capitalistic urges Target for surplus capital – needed new placement for investment. Armies could secure  areas for investment to pour money into Vital raw materials available – timber, rubber, palm oil. Contributed to the fledging auto  industry Hobson + Lenin: European govts were tools of global capitalism to exploit other areas –  used nationalism as an excuse to takeover. Euro powers did not want to appear weak Revisionist economic interpretations  Response to economic depression of 1876 Response to European and African competition 9/29/10 B. Political/diplomatic explanations Geostrategic theories Robinson and Gallagher French and Belgian expansion Domestic politics theories New nationalism in Europe Propaganda and the popular press C. Psychological, intellectual, moral explanations Must act like a superior, intellectual, Western nation Social Darwinism The ‘civilizing mission’ Christian “enlightened” ideals D. Challenges from the African ‘periphery’ British occupy Egypt in response to ‘nationalist revolt of Col Ahmed Urabi (Arabi), 1879- 1882 British occupy Transvaal to break ‘Boer stranglehold’ over gold=producing regions French advance into West African interior in response to Al-Hajj Umar and Samori  empire building
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