7 the bullwhip effect decreases a product

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7) The bullwhip effect decreases A) product availability. 8) The bullwhip effect decreases B) profitability. 9) The bullwhip effect B) hurts the relationships between different stages of the supply chain. 10) The bullwhip effect moves a supply chain A) away from the efficient frontier by increasing cost and decreasing responsiveness. 11) Situations where incentives offered to different stages or participants in a supply chain lead to actions that increase variability and reduce total supply chain profits are referred to as A) incentive obstacles. 12) Incentives that focus only on the local impact of an action result in decisions that A) do not maximize total supply chain profits. 13) The lack of supply chain coordination on various measures of performance has costs
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associated with it. Which of the following is one of these costs? C) Manufacturing 14) The lack of supply chain coordination on various measures of performance has costs associated with it. Which of the following is one of these costs? D) Quality 15) The impact of the lack of coordination on supply chain processes decreases for the following measure: B) level of product availability. 16) Improperly structured sales force incentives C) tend to create spikes in customer orders. 17) The sales typically measured by a manufacturer are B) the quantity sold to distributors or retailers (sell-in). 18) Situations where demand information is distorted as it moves between different stages of the supply chain, leading to increased variability in orders within the supply chain are referred to as B) information processing obstacles. 19) The fact that each stage in a supply chain forecasts demand based on the stream of orders received from the downstream stage results in C) a magnification of fluctuations in demand as we move up the supply chain from the retailer to the manufacturer. 20) The lack of information sharing between the retailer and manufacturer C) leads to a large fluctuation in manufacturer orders. 21) Actions taken in the course of placing and filling orders that lead to an increase in variability are referred to as C) operational obstacles. 22) When a firm places orders in lot sizes that are much larger than the lot sizes in which demand arises, B) variability of orders is magnified up the supply chain. 23) Situations in which the pricing policies for a product lead to an increase in variability of orders placed are referred to as D) pricing obstacles. 24) Forward buying results in D) large orders during the promotion period followed by very small orders after that. 25) Problems in learning within organizations that contribute to the bullwhip effect are referred to as
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D) behavioral obstacles. 26) Operational improvements that reduce lot sizes can dampen the bullwhip effect by B) decreasing the amount of fluctuation that can accumulate between any pair of stages of a 27) Managers can improve coordination within the supply chain by C) aligning goals and incentives.
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