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CHAPTER 12: MINISTRIES Q: Who was Malik Ghulam Muhammad? Malik Ghulam Mohammad (1895-1956) Born in Lahore in 1895, Malik Ghulam Mohammad belonged to a middle-class family. He was inducted as the Finance Minister in the Cabinet of newly created Pakistan in 1947. He also served as the Governor General of Pakistan from 1948 and 1955. Q; What was Maulvi Tamizuddin Case?  Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan was born in 1889. He was the Speaker of Sindh National Assembly. Justice A. R. Cornelius was the sole dissenting judge in the landmark judgment handed down by
the Supreme Court in the Maulvi Tamizuddin case. He fought in favour of Prime Minister Mohammad Ali Bogra and against Malik Ghulam Mohammad. He died in 1963.Q: What does the term ‘Reign of Bureaucracy’ mean? The reign of Bureaucracy means the time period of 1951 till 1958 in which three major Bureaucrats came to power. It includes Malik Ghulam Mohammad, Mohammad Ali Bogra and General Iskander Mirza. Q: What was Rawalpindi Conspiracy? The Rawalpindi Conspiracy (also known as the Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case) was an attempted coup d'état against the governments of Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, in 1951. The conspiracy was the first of many subsequent coup attempts against elected governments in the history of Pakistan. The coup was planned by Major-General Akbar Khan, a senior commander in the Pakistani army, in conjunction with other military officers and left-wing Pakistani politicians. Q: What was PRODA? It was given by Khwaja Nazimuddin as the Governor General of Pakistan. In 1949 the Public and Representative Office Disqualification Act (PRODA) allowed the government to disqualify persons found guilty of "misconduct," a term that acquired a broad definition. It enabled the government to open cases against the corrupt elements of the government officers holding any public position. In 1952 the Security of Pakistan Act expanded the powers of the government in the interests of public order.Q: What was EBDA/ EBDO? It was given by President Ayub Khan in August 1959. It meant Elective Bodies Disqualification Order. It prescribed fifteen years' exclusion from public office for those found guilty of corruption. The Elective Bodies Disqualification Order (EBDO) authorized special tribunals to try former politicians for "misconduct," an infraction not clearly defined. Prosecution could be avoided if the accused agreed not to be a candidate for any elective body for a period of seven years. About 7,000 individuals were "EBDOed." Some people, including Suhrawardy, who was arrested, fought prosecution. Q: What was Ahmadiyya Movement? It was started in Pakistan in 1950s against Zafarullah Khan who was the Foreign Minister of Pakistan. He was removed in 1954. The constitutions of 1956 and 1962 did not have any reform against the Ahmadis. Bhutto declared Ahmadis as non Muslims in the second Amendment in 1973 Constitution.
Q: What was the Bengali Language Movement?
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Test, British Raj, Indian independence movement, Indian Rebellion of 1857,