abnormalch2spring2017 (1).pptx

Regulates release of hormones chemical messengers

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Regulates release of hormones Chemical messengers released by a number glands E.g., thyroid gland produces thyroxin which facilitates energy metabolism and growth Implicated in a number of disorders E.g., depression; anxiety
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Implications of Neuroscience for Psychopathology Relationship between brain and abnormal behavior The structure and function of the nervous system play major roles in psychopathology Psychosocial influences Can change brain structure and function
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The Contributions of Behavioral and Cognitive Science Types of learning Classical Associate different events Development of phobias (little Albert) Operant Behaviors are influenced by events that follow them Self-injurious behavior Avoidance behavior Observational Exposure to disturbed models Learned helplessness
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The Role of Emotion in Psychopathology The nature of emotion To elicit or evoke action Action tendency E.g., fear Components of emotion Cognition, physiological, behavior Example of fear: Anxious thoughts, elevated heart rate, tendency to flee Emotions like anger, hostility, sadness and anxiety play a key role in psychopathology
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Cultural and Social Factors in Psychopathology Cultural factors Influence the form and expression of behavior Gender effects E.g., phobias; eating disorders Social support effects on health and behavior Frequency and quality important Related to disease and psychopathology Problems with social stigma May limit the degree to which people express mental health problems E.g., concealing feelings of depression > unable to receive support from friend
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Developmental Influences on Psychopathology Life-span developmental perspective Addresses developmental changes Influence and constrain what is normal and abnormal The principle of equifinality Several paths to a given outcome E.g., depression
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Summary of the Multidimensional Perspective of Psychopathology Multiple causation The rule, not the exception Take a broad, comprehensive perspective Consider Biological, Behavioral, Cognitive, Emotional, Social, Cultural, and Developmental factors A multidimensional, comprehensive approach puts us in the best position to: Understand the causes of mental illness Alleviate and prevent mental illness
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