Sympathetic those who are inclined to side with a

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Sympathetic – those who are inclined to side with a given argument ! Open – those who are open to considering an argument they may not have agreed with, or thought about, in the past ! Hostile – those audience members who do not agree with an argument and are the hardest to convince of a conclusion 15
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Opponents and Proponents ! There is always an opponent to an argument one makes. ! It’s important to consider opposing views when developing an argument. ! This is the third of of several “people” who can be involved in argumentation. 16 Opponents and Proponents (cont’d) ! An opponent may respond by criticizing one’s argument, by requesting some kind of clarification, or by expounding an opposing argument. ! A dialectical exchange is a process between proponents and opponents who engage in a dialogue of arguments, criticisms, doubts, questions, responses to those criticisms, doubts, questions, and so on. 17 Summary of Terms ! Halo effect ! Overconfidence effect ! Confirmation bias ! Argument ! Conclusion ! Premise ! Arguer, Audience, Opponent and Proponent ! System of Belief ! Dialectical Exchange ! Specific audience, Universal audience ! Sympathetic audience ! Open audience ! Hostile audience 18
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