Figure 12 directional terms lab activity 2

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FIGURE 1.2 Directional terms. LAB ACTIVITY 2 Directional Terms 1 With your partner, complete the sentences using the appropriate directional term from Table 1.2 . Refer to the anatomical terms in Table 1.1 and Appendix A as needed. a. The sternum is __anterior________ to the vertebrae. b. d. e. . f. EXERCISE 1 Reviewing Your Knowledge A. Body Regions Identify the body regions using common terms. Femoral/Thigh 1. The area between the groin and knee. Brachial/Arm 2. The area between the shoulder and elbow. Antebrachial/Forearm 3. The area between the elbow and wrist. Crural/Leg 4. The area between the knee and ankle. Thoracic/Chest 5. The area of the trunk between the neck and diaphragm. Abdominal/Abdomen 6. The area of the trunk between the diaphragm and hip bones. Pelvic/Pelvis 7. The area of the trunk inferior to the hip bones. Dorsal /Back 8. Posterior trunk that is located between the neck and buttocks. Scapular/Shoulder Blade 9. Curved area where upper limb attaches to upper border of trunk. Inguinal/Groin 10. Area on anterior surface where lower limb attaches to pelvis.
Axillary/Armpit 12. Under arm area where upper limb attaches to trunk. Arm 13. The leg is to the lower limb as the _____ is to the upper limb. Leg 14. The arm is to the upper limb as the _____ is to the lower limb. Groin 15. The armpit is to the upper limb as the _____ is to the lower limb.
Knee 17. The elbow is to the upper limb as the _____ is to the lower limb. Hip 18. The shoulder is to the upper limb as the _____ is to the lower limb. True 19. True or False. The hand includes the wrist and fingers and the foot includes the ankles and toes. False 20. True or False. The bones of the face are also part of the skull. B. Anatomical Terms Write the anatomical terms that the phrase or word describes. Phrases or words referring to nouns are indicated. All other phrases refer to adjectives. Umbilical 1. Navel (noun) Thoracic 2. Pertaining to the area between the neck and abdomen Otic 3. Pertaining to the ear Palmar or Volar 4. Pertaining to the palm of hand Acromial 5. Pertaining to the high point of the shoulder Antecubital 6. Pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow region Facial 7. Pertaining to the face; anterior portion of the head Nasal 8. Pertaining to the nose Cervical 9. Pertaining to the neck Popliteal 10. Pertaining to the posterior surface of the knee Carpal 11. Wrist (noun) Antebrachial 12. Pertaining to the area between the elbow and wrist Dorsal 13. Back (noun) Axillary 14. Armpit area (noun) Oral 15. Pertaining to the mouth Patellar 16. Pertaining to the anterior surface of the knee Sternal 17. Breast bone (noun) Coxal 18. Pertaining to the hip Fibular 19. Pertaining to the lateral side of the leg Sural 20. Pertaining to the calf Brachial 21.

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