03.03 (India, Ancient Greece).docx

Monophonic or having a single melody with no

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monophonic, or having a single melody with no accompaniment. Researchers have also found about thirty different melodies from the ancient Greeks. Some have been found on stone while others are fragmentary pieces of papyrus, which was used as paper during this time. These melodies may have appeared in one of the different musical forms that existed for the ancient Greeks. Since much of the music of the ancient Greeks was memorized, we are limited to examples like these to give us an indication of what the music was like. One form of music was lyric poetry. Lyric poetry included poems that were accompanied by instrumental music, often from a lyre. This form of music had a variety of different uses, from songs of victory to love songs. Choruses were also used at various ceremonies and rituals, including weddings and funerals. Vocal music was often held in higher esteem than pure instrumental music because philosophers such as Aristotle argued that only creatures with souls had voices. One of the most famous ancient Greek songs to have survived to the present day is known as the "Epitaph of Seikilos," which is believed to date to the first century CE. In addition, we have some fragmentary parts from the choruses to some of the plays written in ancient Greek. However, it is likely that we have more information about the ancient Greeks' music theory than we do about their actual music.
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