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As a colony, Rhode Island became known for individualist and independent attitudes. Settlers of the Connecticut River colony developed a document known as the Fundamental Orders, which established a regime democratically controlled by "substantial" citizens. The city of New Haven was settled by Puritans. After the Pequot War, Puritan efforts to convert Indians to Christianity can best be described as feeble. The Pequot War of 1637 resulted in the virtual annihilation of the Pequots, and four decades of uneasy peace between the Puritans and the Indians. The New England Indians' only hope for resisting English encroachment lay in intertribal unity against the English. King Philip's War resulted in the lasting defeat of New England's Indians. Recently, historians have increasingly viewed the colonial period as one of contact and adaptation between native populations.
During the early years of colonization in the New World, England paid little attention to its colonies. The New England colonies included Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. The New England Confederation was designed to bolster colonial defense. The Dominion of New England included all the New England colonies, was created by the English government to streamline the administration of its colonies, was designed to bolster colonial defense, and eventually included New York and east and west New Jersey. As the head of Dominion of New England, Sir Edmund Andros was an able military man, conscientious, tactless and a leader who restricted the press. As a result of England's Glorious Revolution, the Dominion of New England collapsed.