Although the additional artillery seemed like a sound decision, consideration should have been given to the rugged wilderness that his army had to traverse to reach its Albany objective. Preparations were further frustrated by the inability to recruit Canadians and Indians in the numbers Burgoyne anticipated, delaying the operational start of his campaign. Nearly six weeks after his arrival in Montreal Burgoyne’s expedition began its journey on June 21, 1777.Burgoyne’s objective was to link up at Albany with General Howe who was to invade north via the Hudson River. Howe, unbeknownst to Burgoyne, in the meantime had changed his plan to the capture of the American seat of power in Philadelphia. It was not until Burgoyne was well committed to Albany with a militia force blocking his withdrawal that he learned of Howe’s change in plans. In a letter to Lord Germain on August 30th, Howe indicated that he would not go north to Burgoyne’s aid. Gentleman Johnny could count on no aid from Howe. Burgoyne was not without experience as a soldier, nor without opportunities to understand his opponent. He had witnessed the charges up Breed’s Hill, and knew what determined fighters the militia could be with good leadership commenting that the withdrawal from Bunker Hill “was even covered with bravery and military skill” by the rebels. Ibid. , 46.Ibid. , 35-39 Middlekauff, 287.Furneaux, 21.