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Topic muscle tissue 56 describe the location and

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Topic: MUSCLE TISSUE 56) Describe the location and structure of a serous membrane. Locate and name the serous membranes associated with the thoracic and abdominal cavities. Answer: A serous membrane lines a body cavity that does not open directly to the exterior, and it covers the organs that lie within the cavity. Examples to be discussed in the answer will include: parietal and visceral layers of the pleural, pericardial and peritoneal membranes. See p. 81. Topic: MEMBRANES SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. 57) Proteins that bridge an intercellular space to form a gap junction are called _____. Answer: connexons Topic: CELL JUNCTIONS 58) Epithelial tissues secrete the _____ layer of the basement membrane. Answer: basal lamina Topic: EPITHELIAL TISSUE 59) Simple squamous epithelium found in serous membranes is referred to as _____. Answer: mesothelium Topic: EPITHELIAL TISSUE 60) Endocrine glands secrete hormones into _____, from which they diffuse into the _____; exocrine gland secretions are released into _____. Answer: extracellular fluid, bloodstream, ducts Topic: EPITHELIAL TISSUE: Glandular Epithelium 9
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61) The type of exocrine gland that releases its secretions packaged inside whole cells is called a/an _____ gland. Answer: holocrine Topic: EPITHELIAL TISSUE: Glandular Epithelium 62) The two forms of simple columnar epithelium are _____ and _____. Answer: ciliated, nonciliated Topic: EPITHELIAL TISSUE 63) The matrix of _____ tissue is rich in calcium and phosphorus. Answer: bone Topic: CONNECTIVE TISSUE: Bone 64) Osteocytes reside in _____ in bone tissue. Answer: lacunae Topic: CONNECTIVE TISSUE: Bone 65) A cell called a/an _____ consists of axon, dendrites, and a cell body. Answer: neuron Topic: NERVOUS TISSUE 66) The three types of cartilage in the body are _____, _____, and _____. Answer: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage Topic: CONNECTIVE TISSUE: Cartilage 67) Fibers made of the protein _____ are abundant in ligaments and tendons. Answer: collagen Topic: CONNECTIVE TISSUE: Dense 68) A/an _____ membrane, consisting of a thin layer of _____ tissue, lines the cavity of a freely movable joint. Answer: synovial, areolar connective Topic: MEMBRANES 69) Peripherally located nuclei are characteristic of _____ muscle cells. Answer: skeletal Topic: MUSCLE TISSUE 70) The cells of _____ muscle are cylindrical, with each end of the cell tapered to a point. Answer: smooth Topic: MUSCLE TISSUE MATCHING. Choose the item in Column 2 that best matches each item in Column 1 Match the epithelial tissues in Column 1 with the descriptions in Column 2. 71) Column 1: simple squamous epithelium Column 2: called endothelium where it lines the heart, blood vessels and lymphatic vessels Answer: called endothelium where it lines the heart, blood vessels and lymphatic vessels Topic: EPITHELIAL TISSUE 72) Column 1: simple cuboidal epithelium Column 2: functions in secretion and absorption 10
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Answer: functions in secretion and absorption Topic: EPITHELIAL TISSUE 73) Column 1: pseudostratified columnar epithelium Column 2: location of nuclei in cells is varied; not all cells reach the apical surface of the tissue layer Answer: location of nuclei in cells is varied; not all cells reach the apical surface of the tissue layer Topic: EPITHELIAL TISSUE 74) Column 1: transitional epithelium Column 2: permits distention of hollow structures, prevents rupture of fluid-filled organs such as the urinary bladder
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