there were little to no rules and guidelines, no academic expectations, and very little risk and safety protection. As time progressed and these fundamental elements developed, intercollegiate sports became a gateway to big bucks and prestige for universities. Students that should have been long gone were paid to play in order to keep top players playing at the schools. Donors and investors put more money into the schools with promising teams, which meant more money the school earned. This led to a sort of “by any means” necessary staff to student approach to keep star players around and happy.5.(9) Effects of land grant institutions:-When land grant institutions were introduced into the American higher education system, they immediately opened the doors for a larger population of systems. In simple terms the “average Joe” could now find himself pursuing higher education for a more promising lifestyle. These schools were also a plus for farmers. They were able to send their sons to local schools which allowed them to stay close/come back home to help instead of heading east and never coming back. Additionally, these institutions opened the doors for women and Blacks.-The mission of these schools allowed people that worked in agricultural and mechanics to pursue higher education too. Women that farmed within their families and even women that farmed independently were allowed to attend these schools because of this mission which promoted the shift away schools that focused on them being teachers and “better” women.Section C: Personal Evaluation:-The trend of Blacks attending colleges and universities has been of most interest to me. In all my years of educational courses that I have taken, I have not been introduced to the history in this close of a lens. In my previous work, I have worked closely with Black youth and take an interest in understanding our history in regard towhy racial inequities are still so apparent in higher education. Learning about this component has given rhyme to reason – seeing exactly where we started off has informed me of why we are where we still are today. In Dr. Harper’s class, I just wrote a paper about how Brown v. Board of education has not lived up to the expectation that many Americans had in the ruling of “separate but equal” as unconstitutional. This reality cannot be viewed independently of other things we havelearned so far in this course, but this topic resonates with me personally.