hypothesis.In relation to this, the study of Ketis et al (2011) aims to determine theincidence of self-medication the effect of gender on self-medication patterns.For the average of the total result of the respondents with regards to theextent of their usage of self-medication in terms of their highest educationalattainment is 2.26. This gained a result of F-value of 0.80 and a p-value of 0.5331,which means that it failed to reject the null hypothesis, and there is no significantdifference between responses of respondents in terms of highest educationalattainment and the extent of their use of self-medication.43
Furthermore, the study of Santakke (2011)’s main purpose is comparing andevaluating the pattern of self-medication in first and third year medical studentsand to evaluate whether medical training results in any change in the selfmedication pattern.4. Effects of Self-Medication Practices to the Citizens of BauanTable 4.6Effects of self-medication practices to the respondentsStatementsWeightedVerbalRankMeanInterpretationWorsen the health condition1.38Rarely7Inappropriatte dosage or use of1.22Rarely11medicineIncreases pain1.3Rarely9Negatively affect the mindset1.32Rarely8Became addicted and worsen1.28Rarely10the situationHelps in financial management2.32Sometimes6Saves time2.46Sometimes5Increases access and2.52Usually4knowledge about medicineProvides pain relief in a more2.8Usually2accessible wayAwareness of the condition2.78Usually3Improves health condition2.96Usually144
Table 4.6 shows the results on the survey about the effects of self-medicationto the citizens of Bauan. The results implies that the practice of self-medicationusually improves the overall health condition of the respondents, ranking 1st witha weighted mean of 2.96. Self-medication also provides pain relief in a moreaccessible way ranking 2nd with a weighted mean of 2.8. It usually raises theawareness of the respondents regarding their health condition, ranking 3rd with aweighted mean of 2.78. Next effect is that it usually increase the access andknowledge of the respondent about the medicine they are taking ranking 4thhaving a weighted mean of 2.52. Self-medication sometimes saves time, ranking5th with a weighted mean of 2.46. It also helps sometimes in financialmanagement ranking 6th place, having a weighted mean of 2.32. Another effectsof self-medication which rarely happens is worsening the health condition of therespondents, ranking 7th with a weighted mean of 1.38. It rarely affects themindset in a negative way ranking 8th with a weighted mean of 1.32. Next effectis that it rarely increases the pain ranking 9th with a weighted mean of 1.3. Nexteffect is that is rarely turns the respondents addicted to the medicine that maylead to worsening their conditions ranking 10th with a weighted mean of 1.28.