Walls, ceilings and floors should be smooth, easy to clean, impermeable to liquids and resistant to chemicals and disinfectants normally used in the laboratory. Floors should be slip-resistant. ° Bench-tops should be impervious to water and resistant to disinfectants, acids, alkalis, organic solvents and moderate heat. ° Illumination should be adequate for all activities. Undesirable reflections and glare should be avoided. ° Laboratory furniture should be sturdy. Open spaces between and under benches, cabinets and equipment should be accessible to cleaning. ° Storage space must be adequate to hold supplies for immediate use and thus prevent clutter on bench tops and in aisles. Additional long-term storage space conveniently located within or outside the lab area should also be provided. ° All doors should have vision panels, appropriate fire ratings and preferably be self-closing. ° Facilities for storing outer garments, personal items as well as having tea and lunch and restrooms should be provided outside the laboratory working area. ° Hand-washing basins with running tap water should be provided in each laboratory room, preferably near the exit door. A dependable supply of good quality water is essential. There should be no cross-connections between sources of laboratory water supply and drinking water supplies. ° There should be reliable and adequate electricity supply and emergency lighting for safe exits. A stand-by generator is essential at least for some equipment such as incubators, biosafety cabinets, freezers etc. ° Safety systems should cover fire, electrical emergencies, emergency shower and eyewash facilities. These include: - Avoiding overcrowding and too much equipment - Preventing infestation with rodents and arthropods - Preventing unauthorized entry into the laboratory areas
Guidelines on establishment of virology laboratory in developing countries Page 13 Human resources A diagnostic virology laboratory should be adequately staffed. The minimum staff requirements for a diagnostic virology laboratory should include: ° A qualified virologist possessing a postgraduate qualification in virology with three to five years experience in diagnostic virology who will be the chief of the laboratory. This officer will have overall responsibility for activities of the laboratory and will supervise all the staff working at the centre. In addition, this officer will be directly responsible for reporting results of the various diagnostic assays performed in the laboratory. ° Two junior microbiologists possessing a Master’s degree in Medical Microbiology with one to two years experience in diagnostic virology. These microbiologists will be responsible for the day-to-day functioning of the diagnostic laboratory such as supervision of technical staff who carry out the various diagnostic tests, stock management and procurement of lab supplies and diagnostic kits, quality control and quality assurance.
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- Fall '12
- Microbiology, Virology Laboratory