Thus, federal cases originating in Tennessee are appealed to the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals.The federal trial court in which federal lawsuits originate is the federal district court. Tennessee isdivided into three federal districts - western, middle and eastern. Federal courts may constitutionallyhear only two types of cases: cases involving a federal law question and cases involving citizens oftwo different states when the amount in dispute is greater than $75,000.
Glossary of Legal TermsAacquit - To find a defendant not guilty in a criminal trial.adjudication - A judgment or decree.affidavit -A written or printed declaration or statement under oath.affirm - The ruling of an appellate court that the judgment of a lower court is correct and shouldstand.appeal -Review of a case by a higher court.appellant -Party appealing a decision or judgment to a higher court.appellee - The party against whom an appeal is filed.arbitration -The hearing and settlement of a dispute between opposing parties by a third partywhose decision the parties have agreed to accept.arraignment -A court hearing in a criminal case where a defendant is advised of the charges andasked to plead guilty or not guilty. Most arraignments in Tennessee are held in General SessionsCourt.Bbail bond - An agreement by a third party to pay a certain sum of money if the defendant fails toappear in court.bench trial- Trial held before judge sitting without a jury; jury waived trial.bench warrant -Process issued by the court or “from the bench” for the attachment or arrest ofa person.binding over- The act by which a court or magistrate requires a person to enter into a recogni-zance or furnish bail to appear for trial, to keep the peace, to attend as a witness, etc. Alsodescribes act of lower court in transferring case to higher court or to grand jury after a finding ofprobable cause to believe that defendant committed crime.brief - A legal document, prepared by an attorney, which presents the law and facts supporting hisor her client.Ccaseload - The number of cases a judge handles.cause of action -A legal claim.certiorari - A procedure for removing a case from a lower court to a higher court for review.change of venue - Moving a case from one court, or location, to another.civil law - All law that is not criminal law.class - There are five classifications of felonies and three classifications of misdemeanors. Withthe exception of murder in the first degree, all felonies in the Revised Criminal Code, in the oldTitle 39 and in titles other than Title 39 are classified. Each felony has an A, B, C, D, or E classifi-cation. “A” is the most serious and “E” is the least serious. Each misdemeanor has either an A, B,or C classification with “A” being most serious and “C” being least serious. Murder in the firstdegree carries three possible penalties: life (with the possibility of parole), life without parole, anddeath.