The people which is the parent tongue of a large

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“the people”), which is the parent tongue of a large number of Bantu languages still spoken throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Why and how these people spread out into central and southern Africa remains a mystery, but archaeologists believe that their iron weapons allowed them to conquer their hunting- gathering opponents, who still used stone implements. (C) Still, the process is uncertain, and peaceful migration—or simply rapid demographic growth—may have also caused the Bantu explosion. (D) (A) Option A (B) Option B (C) Option C (D) Option D 14. Directions: An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points. Write your answer choices in the spaces where they belong. You can either write the letter of your answer choice or you can copy the sentence.
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TOEFL iBT ® Quick Prep 8 READING PRACTICE SET 1 Agriculture and iron working probably spread to Africa from neighboring regions. Answer Choices (A) Once Africans developed their own native crops, they no longer borrowed from other regions. (B) The harshness of the African climate meant that agriculture could not develop until after the introduction of iron tools. (C) The use of livestock improved transportation and trade and allowed for new forms of political control. (D) As the Sahara expanded, the camel gained in importance, eventually coming to have religious significance. (E) The spread of iron working had far-reaching effects on social, economic, and political organization in Africa. (F) Today’s Bantu-speaking peoples are descended from a technologically advanced people who spread throughout Africa.
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TOEFL iBT ® Quick Prep This section measures your ability to understand conversations and lectures in English. Audio portions of the Listening section are provided wherever you see the headphones icon: These audio files are available: in the PDF version of Quick Prep Volume 3 (click the headphones icon) on the Quick Prep Web site at . Listen to each recording only one time. Written transcripts of the audio portions are located in Appendix B. If you do not have access to the audio portions, but do have access to people with good English pronunciation, ask them to read the transcripts aloud to you. Listening to the transcripts is better practice than reading them to yourself. If someone reads the transcripts to you, make sure you see the pictures. You may take notes while you listen, and you may use your notes to help you answer the questions. Listen to or read each transcript only one time.
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