Body ImageBody image: your mental image of your physical appearance (shaped by surroundings – family, peers, community, society/culture4 aspects – perceptual (how you seeyour bod), affective (how you feelabout your body), cognitive (how you thinkabout your body), behavioral (way you behaveas a result of other 3)By 18, 2/3 adolescent girls = dissatisfied with bodies> 90% college women engage in “fat talk”Adolescents who adopt unhealthy weight-control behaviors = 2-3 times more likely to gain weightAvoiding social comparisons (irl/media) may help boost own body satisfactionStandardsAvg. body size, Eurocentric beauty standards, etc. Media and body image (can reinforce or help counter body image issues)Becker’s Fiji Study: Fiji’s value for larger bodies; eating disorders rareoIntro of TV – rapid social change afterGirls modelsed behavior and appearance of TV characters, there was a sudden interest in weight loss, disordered eating became more prevalento2 cohorts – 1995/1998 (groups of Fijian adolescent girls)oQualitative study (inquiry of exploration, in depth, non-numerical, seeks understanding, answering the “whys” and also interviews)Developing positive body imageBe happy with self now (avoid social comparison), celebrate all things body can do, surround self with positive people who support you, be critical of all forms of media, beauty is state of mind not state of body, be kind to body, wear clothes = comfy and make you feel good about bodyMental HealthMental health: state of well-being in which the individual realizes their own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to their communityMental disorder: SUSTAINED disturbance in thoughts, emotions, or behavior due to psychological, biological, or developmental dysfunctionOver 46% of Americans experience some sort of mental disorder during their livesMental disorders can impact anyoneRisk factors
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