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Dies at the age of 80-Such an important Christian leader, becomes St. AugustineVandals destroy city and churchesVandals go to Carthage, Carthage surrendersVandals now control Hippo and Carthage, North AfricaVandals are a very strong forceRoman emperor is murderedGeiseric takes this opportunity to attack RomePope comes out from city to talk to GeisericPope explains Vandals are too strong, and will open doors under the condition which they do not kill and destroy churchesVandals take everything and leaveGeiseric is most dominant power for his eraOstrogoths – (Eastern Goths)-Sack Rome-Destroy, pillage, rape and stay in Rome and Italy-Rome is no moreConstantinople remains greatest city for 1000 years with 1 million peopleWhy is Rome so vulnerable to attack?Best book ever written about history of Rome written byEdward Gibbon-English man 200 years ago-Asked the question why when visiting Rome-Took him 20 years to write-“The decline and fall of the Roman Empire”
Gibbon says:-Rome fell because it was too big-Became too complicated to control-Rome fell because of the question of values-What made Rome great was it’s Roman people, hard working and patriotic-Roman values were very strong-After Constantine, Roman values were changed to Christian values-Roman values are about the living today-Christian values are concerned for the after life-Christian values are not consistent with Roman values-Roman empire in east went on for 1000 years-Western Roman empire fallsByzantine – Civilization Constantinople gave birth to-Based upon the Greek language and culture-Greeks living in Constantinople are Christian-Bishop of Constantinople makes new brand of Christianity-OrthodoxJustinian– Byzantine emperor-Father was emperor-Grew up with shadow of imperial protection-At the age of 40, he falls in loveTheodora-Father was a poor man, a bear keeper-Makes daughter and wife become actresses-Actresses in ancient world are close to prostitutes-Only poor and pretty girls are actresses-By 25, Theodora has a baby and has been around a lot-Once Justinian saw her, he was in love and demanded to marry her-Aristocratic men could not marry lower men-Laws have been changed-She was the opposite of Justinian, outgoing, etc. Justinian was shy-She came from being poor to empress, she makes the most of itJustinian announces Theodora will be co-rulerNika Riots-Men are arrested by government who belong to unions-Blues/Greens are the unions, they help everyone out-Unions protested against the arrestment-10,000 men protested against leaders-Emperor looses his nerve and wants to pack up and leave-Theodora say no, she will solve the problem
Belisarius – Roman general-Theodora tells him to solve the problem-Days later, 30,000 people are killed as a result to this-Justinian orders him to take a fleet of men to North Africa and reclaim the Roman states-Didn’t have enough time and resources-Almost finishes the job by taking back N. Africa and some parts of Spain and Italy-Justinian sent him to exile and was a blinded peasant