The differences between these groups had to do with social integration Those

The differences between these groups had to do with

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The differences between these groups had to do with social integrationThose with strong social ties had less of a chance of committing suicideThree Main ParadigmsStructural-Functionalism• The BasicsA macro-oriented paradigmViews society as a complex system with many interdependent partsThe parts work together to promote social stability and orderMajor changes to the system's parts is not required or desired; system seeks to maintain it equilibrium• Key ElementsSocial structure§ Refers to relatively stable patterns of social behavior found in social institutionsSocial function§ Refers to the consequences of social patterns for society§ All of our interactions create a reaction in ourselves and othersCaused a rise of anomie (no norms)§ Society without norms• tl;dr: If one social institution changes, others will adapt and change accordingly. Institutions must work together to function well. If it doesn’t, anomie will rise and institutions will adapt in order to function.• Big question asked: Functional for who?Social-Conflict Paradigm• The BasicsA macro-oriented paradigmViews society as a structured system based on inequalitySocial conflict between groups over scarce resources is the norm• Key elementsSociety is structured in ways to benefit a few at the expense of the majorityFactors such as race, sex, class, and age are linked to social inequalityDominant group vs minority group relations§ Incompatible interests and major differences• Example: Congress votes to give themselves a raise, but won't raise minimum wage for others• Example: Man who wrote down biblical stories said women should honor their husbands, affected gender roles • tl;dr: The haves vs the have-notsHave power, social position, physical, etc.Whoever has the power makes the rulesSeeks to explain sexism, racism, etc.Symbolic Interactionism• Is a micro-oriented paradigm, which means it is effectively used when attempting to understand smaller-scale social phenomena
17• The BasicsThe view that society is the product of everyday interactions• PrinciplesSociety is a complex mosaic of understanding that emerges from thevery process of interacting• tl;dr: Small everyday interpersonal interactions affect society as a wholeCultureIntroduction• Do not confuse culture with society• Society refers to a group of people, interacting within a given territory, who are guided in their daily lives by their cultureSymbols• Anything that is universally recognized by people who share the same culture• Reality for humans is found in the meaning things carry with themThe basis of culture; makes life possible• People must be mindful that meanings vary from culture to culture• Meaning can even vary greatly within the same groups of peopleFur coats, confederate flags, etc.

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